Kyancutta, South Australia

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Kyancutta
South Australia
Kyancutta map.png
Location of Kyancutta in South Australia
Established 1917
Postcode(s) 5651
Elevation 74 m (243 ft)
Location 558 km (347 mi) North West of Adelaide
LGA(s) Wudinna District Council
State electorate(s) Flinders
Federal Division(s) Grey
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.1 °C
77 °F
9.2 °C
49 °F
314.4 mm
12.4 in

Kyancutta is a small wheatbelt town at the junction of the Eyre and Tod Highways on the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia. Once a busy town with an airport, Kyancutta is now nearly a ghost town, acting only as a centre for the agricultural districts surrounding it, as well as passing tourists.

History[edit]

The town was established in 1917 to support the surrounding agricultural lands.[1] The name is thought to be derived from the Aboriginal 'kanjakatari'; kanja - 'stone' and katari - 'surface water', inferring water in rocks.[2] Another possible origin is that the name was taken from a nearby hill 'Kutta kutta' which was the local Aboriginal name for the night hawk.

An airport was built not long after establishment, and flights between Adelaide and Perth stopped there regularly. This added another facet to the towns economy, and caused the town to fall into a steady decline after its closure in 1935.[1]

A school was built in the town in 1920, remaining active for 25 years before closing in 1945.[2]

An official weather station, established at Kyancutta in 1928 became Australia's first fully automated station with a three hourly programme of weather observation which is still ongoing under the care of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.[3]

In 1986, a memorial park was established to honour the pioneers of agricultural settlement in the area.[4]

Economy[edit]

The town now is the service centre for the surrounding agricultural districts, with cereal crops and sheep grazing the prevalent industries. Wheat silos for storage are also located within Kyancutta.

It also serves as a rest point for travellers making their way across the Eyre Highway. Kyancutta has no real attractions of its own, but a number of natural features including 'Waddikee Rock' and 'Corrobinne' Hill do lie within 20 km of the town.[4]

Facilities[edit]

Kyancutta has no accommodation or eating facilities available, however a general store with petrol pumps is present. For the locals, a post office and a sporting complex including 18 hole golf course, tennis, football and netball facilities are also located in the town.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sydney Morning Herald Travel (2004-02-08), Kyancutta, The Sydney Morning Herald, retrieved 2007-06-15 
  2. ^ a b State Library of South Australia Manning Index, Kyancutta, retrieved 2007-06-15 
  3. ^ Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Climate statistics for Australian locations - Kyancutta, retrieved 2007-06-15 
  4. ^ a b c Tourism Eyre Peninsula, Kyancutta, retrieved 2007-06-15 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°08′S 135°33′E / 33.133°S 135.550°E / -33.133; 135.550