Kybartai

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Kybartai
City
Eucharistic Saviour Church
Coat of arms of Kybartai
Coat of arms
Kybartai is located in Lithuania
Kybartai
Kybartai
Location of Kybartai
Coordinates: 54°37′20″N 22°46′0″E / 54.62222°N 22.76667°E / 54.62222; 22.76667Coordinates: 54°37′20″N 22°46′0″E / 54.62222°N 22.76667°E / 54.62222; 22.76667
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Suvalkija
County Marijampolė County
Municipality Vilkaviškis district municipality
Eldership Kybartai eldership
Capital of Kybartai eldership
First mentioned 1561
Granted city rights 1856
Population (2005)
 • Total 6,395
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Kybartai (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in the Marijampolė County, Lithuania. It is located 20 km (12 mi) west of Vilkaviškis and is on the border of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.

History[edit]

Kybartai was founded under the reign of Sigismund I the Old by the colonization efforts of his wife, Bona Sforza. In 1561, it has been listed in the land-register of Jurbarkas and Virbalis.

Verzhbolovo Railway Station in Kybartai at about 1900

When in 1861 a branch of Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway was built from Vilnius to the Prussian border, where it was linked to Prussian Eastern Railway, the Russian border station near the village of Kybartai was named after the neighbouring town of Verzhbolovo (Вержболово), Lithuanian Virbalis, German Wirballen. Meanwhile Kybartai has become a town bigger than Virbalis and the now Lithuanian border station is called Kybartai, too. The German station of the Prussian Eastern Railway on the western side of the frontier was Eydtkuhnen, today it is the Russian border station and called Chernyshevskoye (Чернышевское).


Persons born in Kybartai[edit]