Kyburg, Zurich

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Kyburg
Kyburg -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Kyburg
Canton Zurich
District Pfäffikon
47°27′N 8°45′E / 47.450°N 8.750°E / 47.450; 8.750Coordinates: 47°27′N 8°45′E / 47.450°N 8.750°E / 47.450; 8.750
Population 407 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 54 /km2 (139 /sq mi)
Area 7.63 km2 (2.95 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 640 m (2,100 ft)
Postal code 8314
SFOS number 0175
Surrounded by Illnau-Effretikon, Weisslingen, Winterthur, Zell
Website www.kyburg.ch
SFSO statistics
Kyburg is located in Switzerland
Kyburg
Kyburg

Kyburg is a municipality in the district of Pfäffikon in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Kyburg is first mentioned in 1027 as Chuigeburch.[3]

Geography[edit]

Kyburg and Kyburg castle

Kyburg has an area of 7.6 km2 (2.9 sq mi). Of this area, 31.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 61% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 5.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 2.8% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (2.4%).[5] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 1.5% of the area. As of 2007 2.4% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[5]

The village is built on a Molasse stone outcropping in the Töss Valley. It is overlooked by the Kyburg castle, from which it takes its name. The municipality also includes the hamlets of Ettenhausen, portions of Billikon and Brünggen as well as the Fabriksiedlung or cloth manufacturing settlement of Mühlau an der Töss. It is .

Demographics[edit]

Kyburg has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 407.[1] As of 2007, 7.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (98.5%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 0.5%) and Italian being third ( 0.3%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 47.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (16.6%), the Green Party (11.7%) and the FDP (9.8%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 26.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 64.4% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 9.3%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Kyburg about 88.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 150 households in Kyburg.[5]

Kyburg has an unemployment rate of 1.23%. As of 2005, there were 25 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 173 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 58 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 12 businesses in this sector.[4] As of 2007 47.8% of the working population were employed full-time, and 52.2% were employed part-time.[5]

As of 2008 there were 66 Catholics and 222 Protestants in Kyburg. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 64.6% were some type of Protestant, with 59.8% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 4.8% belonging to other Protestant churches. 17.7% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 0.5% belonged to another religion (not listed), 1.3% did not give a religion, and 15.4% were atheist or agnostic.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1634 148
1771 296
1850 374
1900 358
1950 386
2000 396

Transportation[edit]

Sennhof-Kyburg railway station is a stop of the Zurich S-Bahn service S26.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Kyburg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 11-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009

External links[edit]