|Classification||Swiss heritage site of national significance|
|Town or city||8314 Kyburg|
|Construction started||before 1027|
Kyburg Castle (German: Schloss Kyburg) is a castle in the municipality of Kyburg and the canton of Zurich southerly of Winterthur in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.
The castle is situated above the river Töss. It is first mentioned in 1027 under the name of Chuigeburg (Castle of Cows) what points to an original use as a refuge castle. In the early tenth century many spellings of the name Kyburg emerged, (I.E. Kilburg, Kelburg, and also Keylburg). The name changed by the end of 12th century to castle Chiburg, derived from Chiib with the meaning in terms of brawl or fight.
The Counts of Kyburg were the most important noble family in the Swiss plateau beside the Habsburg and the House of Savoy. After the death of the last count in 1264 Rudolph of Habsburg claimed the inheritance for his family. With one interruption the Imperial Regalia of the Holy Roman Empire were kept in the castle between 1273 and 1322.
In the 15th century the city of Zürich bought the county. The castle was court of a high bailiff from Zürich until 1831, after this it was sold by auction. The new owners used the castle for exhibitions and as a museum. In 1917 the Canton of Zurich bought the castle back, since 1999 a society runs it, the Verein Museum Schloss Kyburg.
- "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Chiib". www.srf.ch. Dialect Lexicon (in Swiss German). Zurich: Schweizer Radio DRS. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 19 Januar 2014.
- "Kyburgiade" (in German). Schwandenstrasse 27, 8802 Kilchberg: Internationales Musikfestival auf Schloss Kyburg. Retrieved 15 Jan 2014.