Cydonia or Kydonia (Greek Κυδωνία, "quince") was an important ancient city-state on the northwest coast of the island of Crete. It is at the site of the modern-day Greek city of Chania. In legend Cydonia was founded by King Cydon, a son of Hermes and of Akakallis, the daughter of King Minos.
The exact location of Kydonia was not understood until Robert Pashley worked it out based solely on ancient historical literature, without any archaeological recovery; Kydonia was centred around the present day harbour area and Kastelli Hill. Today's archaeological recoveries from the ancient city of Kydonia are largely stored in the Chania Archaeological Museum in present day Chania.
- Pashley, 1837
- Hogan, 2008
- C. Michael Hogan, Cydonia, Modern Antiquarian, January 23, 2008 
- Robert Pashley, Travels in Crete, 1837, J. Murray
- Ian Swindale, Kydonia, 
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