Kyirong-Kagate language

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Region Nepal
Native speakers
15,000  (2000–2012)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
kgy – Kyerung
syw – Kagate
ttz – Tsum
scp – Helambu Sherpa

Kyirong-Kagate is a subgroup of the Tibetic languages spoken primarily in Nepal, with a hundred or so speakers across the border in Tibet.

Dialects are:[2]

Kyirong (Lende), Kagate, Tsum, Langtang, Yolmo (Helambu Sherpa)

Although there is a high level of mutual intelligibility between these languages,[3] they are considered separate languages by their respective speakers, and all have distinct ISO 639-3 codes.


  1. ^ Kyerung at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kagate at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Tsum at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Helambu Sherpa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ N. Tournadre (2005) "L'aire linguistique tibétaine et ses divers dialectes." Lalies, 2005, n°25, p. 7–56 [1]
  3. ^ Gawne, Lauren (2010). Nepalese Linguistics 25: 34–41 |url= missing title (help).