Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
|Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)
|IATA: IEV – ICAO: UKKK
– WMO: 33345
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||City of Kiev/Govt. of Ukraine|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||587 ft / 179 m|
Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEV, ICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev. It is owned by the municipality of Kiev and located in the southern Zhuliany neighbourhood of the city.
- 1 History
- 2 Airlines and destinations
- 3 Statistics
- 4 Executive aviation
- 5 Public transport connections
- 6 Neighboring aviation facilities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Beginning of the passenger services
|This section requires expansion. (August 2013)|
The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after the World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kiev.
Secondary domestic role
In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving the city. Since that time the old "Kyiv" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.
International flights and traffic revival
After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport, - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 1520%.
Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length.
Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012, now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.
In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7 times (to 816 757) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic. According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.
In 2013, the airport opened new domestic terminal and new business terminal, with currently 3 terminals in service.
Airlines and destinations
|Aegean Airlines||Athens, Larnaca (resumes 2 May 2014)||A|
|Aviatrans Kiev||Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Pisa, Heraklion, Varna||A|
|Khors Air||Charter: Athens||A, B|
|Motor Sich Airlines||Uzhhorod, Zaporizhia||B|
|Transaero Airlines||Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo||A|
|UTair Ukraine||Lviv, Moscow-Vnukovo||A, B|
|Wizz Air||Budapest, London-Luton||A|
|Wizz Air Ukraine||Bergamo, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Girona, Katowice, Kutaisi, Larnaca, Lübeck, Memmingen, Moscow-Vnukovo, Naples, Treviso, Valencia||A|
|Year||Passengers||Change on previous year|
Public transport connections
The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:
- Trolleybus Route 22: 'Kyiv' Airport-Olzhycha Street (transfer for metro at Dorohozhychi Station - Syretsko-Pecherska Line)
- Bus Route 78: 'Kyiv' Airport-Vasylkivska Metro Station(transfer for metro - Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska Line),
as well as private bus routes.
Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.
The airport's passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the new intracity Urban Electric Train service.
Future Metro connection
Plans for the Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line, which is now under construction elsewhere in the city, include the Airport transfer station from the 'Zhulyany' Airport. The station is expected to be constructed by 2020.
Neighboring aviation facilities
A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, ARP-410, adjoins the airport.
In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.
Ukrainian Air Force maintains a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany airport.
- Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
- "ЧП в Жулянах: авиакомпания жалуется на посадочную полосу, аэропорт намекает на ошибку экипажа". Korrespondent.net. July 16, 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Аэропорт Жуляны похвалился трехкратным ростом пассажиропотока в 2013. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). July 9, 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons