Kyle, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kyle, South Dakota
phežúta ȟaká
CDP
Location in Shannon County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Shannon County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°25′36″N 102°10′32″W / 43.42667°N 102.17556°W / 43.42667; -102.17556Coordinates: 43°25′36″N 102°10′32″W / 43.42667°N 102.17556°W / 43.42667; -102.17556
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Shannon
Area
 • Total 2 sq mi (5.2 km2)
 • Land 2 sq mi (5.2 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,910 ft (887 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 846
 • Density 423/sq mi (162.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 57752
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-34460[2]
GNIS feature ID 1265753[3]

Kyle (Lakota: phežúta ȟaká; "Branched Medicine"[4]) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Shannon County, South Dakota, United States. Its population was 846 at the 2010 census. Located within the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation of the Oglala Lakota, it is one of two settlements which are closest to the North American continental pole of inaccessibility.

Geography[edit]

Kyle is located at 43°25′36″N 102°10′32″W / 43.42667°N 102.17556°W / 43.42667; -102.17556 (43.426652, -102.175677).[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.

In North America, the continental pole of inaccessibility is between Kyle and Allen, located 1,650 km (1,030 mi) from the nearest coastline at 43°22′N 101°58′W / 43.36°N 101.97°W / 43.36; -101.97 (Pole of Inaccessibility North America).[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 914
2000 970 6.1%
2010 846 −12.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there are 970 people, 205 households, and 168 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 481.3 people per square mile (185.4/km²). There were 219 housing units at an average density of 108.7/sq mi (41.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 5.15% White, 94.43% Native American, and 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.

There were 205 households out of which 53.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 34.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 13.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.46 and the average family size was 4.88.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 45.4% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 11.5% from 45 to 64, and 3.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,750, and the median income for a family was $27,000. Males had a median income of $21,953 versus $13,710 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $7,415. About 42.1% of families and 35.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.2% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Little Wound School is administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The enrollment in the elementary, middle, and high school totals over 900 students, primarily Oglala Lakota.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Ullrich, Jan F. (2014). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Garcia-Castellanos, D.; U. Lombardo (2007). "Poles of Inaccessibility: A Calculation Algorithm for the Remotest Places on Earth". Scottish Geographical Journal 123 (3): 227–233. doi:10.1080/14702540801897809. Retrieved 2008. 

External links[edit]