Kymulga Mill & Covered Bridge
Kymulga Mill & Covered Bridge
Kymulga Mill near Childersburg, Alabama
|Nearest city||Childersburg, Alabama|
|NRHP Reference #||76000356|
|Added to NRHP||October 29, 1976|
Kymulga Covered Bridge near Childersburg, Alabama.
|Maintained by||City of Childersburg|
|ID number||01-61-01 (WGCB)|
|Total length||105 ft (32 m)|
Kymulga Mill & Covered Bridge are two locally owned historic landmarks located at Kymulga Park in Talladega County, Alabama, United States. The park is on Grist Mill Road (CR 46) off State Route 76 about 4 miles (6 kilometers) northeast of the city of Childersburg.
Both structures, dating back to the American Civil War, were restored in 1974 and were listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 29, 1976. The Childersburg Heritage Committee purchased the tract in 1988, and with help from the Alabama Historical Commission and the Talladega County Commission, established Kymulga Park. More structural renovations were made as well. There is an admission charge to visit the park, with proceeds being used for upkeep of all structures and nature trails within this historic recreation area.
Kymulga Park was acquired by the City of Childersburg in June 2011. It is currently managed by the Childersburg Historic Preservation Commission.
Kymulga Mill is a working gristmill built in 1864 by German contractor G.E. Morris for Confederate Army Captain George H. Forney, who was later promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Forney died at the Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia before construction was completed, but his wife allowed Morris to finish it. Union Army soldiers burned most of the gristmills throughout the area during the Civil War, but Kymulga Mill was missed. The mill was sold four times before being purchased by the Childersburg Heritage Committee from latest owner Edward Donahoo in 1988, though it remained in active service through many of those years.
Three water powered turbines ran the four-story mill, including lights, grain elevator and millstones used for grinding grain. Two of its five sets are French buhrs, thought to be the hardest rock in the world. Kymulga Mill continues to operate to this day, though under electricity, still making corn meal with its huge millstones. The building is now a tourist attraction open for guided tours. It also serves as a gift shop and park office.
Kymulga Covered Bridge
The Kymulga Covered Bridge is a wood & metal combination style covered bridge that spans Talladega Creek, located just east of Kymulga Mill within Kymulga Park. Built in 1861, the 105-foot (32 m) bridge is a Howe truss construction over a single span. The Kymulga Covered Bridge is one of two 19th century covered bridges extant in Alabama still remaining at its original location; the Waldo Covered Bridge, also located in Talladega County, is the other.
The bridge once provided access to the Old Georgia Road or the McIntosh Road, a Native American trade route which was used by settlers and frontiersmen who ventured the area. Eventually, farms and communities spawned along the former trail. The United States government purchased land adjacent to Kymulga Mill in 1941 for the Alabama Ordnance Works, a military installation. Settlements within the tract had to be relocated. Today, the Kymulga Covered Bridge leads park visitors to a series of nature trails north of Talladega Creek. People may still find remnants of the Old Georgia Road, as well as other traces of the past.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Lt. Colonel George H. Forney". 1st Confederate Infantry Battalion, Company A, Forney's Regiment, Tilghman's Brigade: A Living History Association. May 4, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Ingram, Dean. "History of the grist mill and covered bridge". Kymulga Grist Mill And Park. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Floyd, W. Warner; Ellen Mertins (April 14, 1976). "Kymulga Mill and Covered Bridge" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form. National Park Service. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014. See also: "Accompanying photos" (PDF). Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "01-61-01". Round Barns & Covered Bridges. Dale J. Travis. Retrieved March 9, 2014.