Kyndra Rotunda

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Kyndra Rotunda
Born c. 1973 (age 40–41)
Residence Villa Park, California
Nationality United States
Alma mater University of Wyoming (B.A. '96)
UW College of Law (J.D. '99)
Occupation law professor, lawyer, US Army officer, author
Spouse(s) Ronald D. Rotunda
Website
www.kyndrarotunda.com

Kyndra Kaye Rotunda[1] (née Miller, born c. 1973) is an American lawyer, author, and former officer in the U.S. Army JAG Corps .[2] She is a law professor at the Chapman University School of Law.[3]

Education[edit]

She attended the University of Wyoming from 1992 to 1999, receiving a B.A. (1996) and a J.D. (1999) from the University of Wyoming College of Law.[4][5]

Career[edit]

From 2000 through 2003, Rotunda served on active duty as an officer in the US Army JAG Corps and then served in the Individual Ready Reserve until 2008. She held the rank of Major in the Army.[5] She is notable for her military service related to Guantanamo Bay, first as a Legal Advisor to the Guantanamo Detention Camp Commander, later as a legal advisor to the Department of Defense Criminal Investigation Task Force, then as a Prosecutor for the Guantanamo Military Commissions. In 2008, she published a book about her experience, titled Honor Bound: Inside the Guantanamo Trials.[6] Rotunda is also the author of a Law School Textbook entitled Military & Veterans Law, published by Thomson West Publishing, 2011.[citation needed]

From 2003 to 2005, Rotunda was the Wyoming State Planning Coordinator and served as a legal and policy advisor to then-Governor, and headed up the Governor's policy team. Dave Freudenthal.[5]

In 2006, she became a law professor at the George Mason University School of Law, where she was the Director of a pro bono law clinic for military personnel and veterans.[7]

In 2008, Rotunda and her husband Ronald Rotunda joined a list of former faculty of George Mason University who took positions at the Chapman University School of Law. She developed and heads the Chapman pro bono law clinic for military personnel and veterans. In 2009 was named as a Lecturer at University of California, Berkeley, School of Law (Boalt Hall), where she assisted in starting, a similar clinic, which she now teaches.[8]

Professor Rotunda has written and spoken as an advocate for military troops. Her op-eds have appeared in the Wall Street Journal,[citation needed] the Christian Science Monitor,[citation needed] The New York Sun,[citation needed] The Chicago Tribune, The Washington Times,[citation needed] The Orange County Register,[citation needed] and others.[citation needed] She has appeared on national and international television news programs including Al Jazeera,[citation needed] Hannity's America,[citation needed] and The Brit Hume Report.[4] Rotunda's television interview on Dialogue with Doti and Dodge was awarded a Bronze Telly Award in 2009.[citation needed]

In September, 2008, Professor Rotunda testified before Congress about restoring the rule of law in Guantanamo Bay and various legal issues impacting the troops.[9]

Honor Bound: Inside the Guantanamo Trials[edit]

Rotunda's book Honor Bound claims to offer a behind the scenes look at the inner workings of the War on Terror, in the context of the personal narrative of a JAG serving her country after September 11, 2001. It follows Rotunda from her work at Walter Reed Army Medical Center on September 11, to her deployment to Guantanamo Bay, to an assignment advising criminal investigators and ultimately to her assignment as a prosecutor at the Office of Military Commissions.[citation needed]

Honor Bound received positive and negative critical notice.

Positive notice[edit]

Jacket blurbs included praise from scholars and litigators including former Solicitor General Theodore Olson who called it "immensely readable and stunningly valuable. . ." Former U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese stated, "U.S. Army Captain (now Major) Kyndra Rotunda was at the center of the most important and controversial legal issues in the war, including the difficulties of detaining and prosecuting terrorists while traditional war is being redefined."

Harvard Law School Professor Alan Dershowitz said in a jacket blurb, "This eye-opening inside account must be read by everyone who cares about balancing national security and human dignity."[10] Rotunda disagrees with Dershowitz on the topic of torture. Dershowitz maintains that the law should be introduced to permit civil judges to issue limited "torture warrant", under special circumstances, like the "ticking time bomb" scenario. In her book Rotunda generally rejects torture as a legitimate interrogation tactic and calls Dershowitz's "ticking time bomb" hypothetical "inherently imperfect because it assumes what we cannot know. If the detaine does not disclose the information sought, is it because he truly does not know, or is it because the interrogator has not applied a sufficient amount of torture?"[citation needed]

Negative notice[edit]

Toronto Star reporter Michelle Shephard, author of Guantanamo's Child: The Untold Story of Omar Khadr critiqued five Guantanamo-related books, including Rotunda's Honor Bound which she called "...a poorly written personal account of an Army JAG that glosses over critical events in Guantanamo's history with offhand dismissals." Shephard continued, "There is some interesting legal stuff to ponder – such as how and why has the U.S. administration exceeded or sidestepped the protections of the international Geneva Conventions ...".[11]

Specialist in Constitutional Law at the Library of Congress Louis Fisher wrote that as a JAG officer, Rotunda had "a good opportunity to understand the military commissions underway at “Gitmo” and correct misconceptions about the procedures."[12] About the book, he wrote, "For readers hoping for an even-handed assessment, the initial appearance is not promising." Fisher quotes Shepard's statement that the U.S. erred in "imposing rules that made it difficult for prosecutors to respond to defense counsel claims...", and states that "The book never explains what constraints existed...". Of Rotunda's statement that the U.S. erred by "giving detainees more rights than the Geneva Conventions require", Fisher states "They needed them. Unlike prisoners of war, who are released after a war and do not face trial, the detainees were subject to prosecution and possibly the death sentence".[12]

Comments on the Supreme Court's Boumedienne ruling[edit]

In June 2008 the Supreme Court overturned portions of the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 and the Military Commissions Act of 2006.[13] Rotunda authored an op-ed in the Chicago Tribune entitled "Supreme Court Ruling Puts Soldiers at Great Risk", which criticized aspects of the Supreme Court's ruling. In the years since the ruling Rotunda has appeared on numerous academic panels and has published several academic articles discussing, and analyzing, the Boumediene decision, and other decisions related to Guantanamo Bay.[14]

In the National Review, Peter Pham stated that Rotunda had more years of military service than all the nine Supreme Court Justices put together.[13] According to Pham, Rotunda's position was that:

"... military commanders must justify battlefield captures and prove to a U.S. judge that decisions they made on the ground—in a faraway land during a battle—were justified ... [the decision] puts American troops at risk and will lead to more U.S. deaths on the battlefield because it makes it more difficult for soldiers to detain the enemy."[13]

2008 Testimony before a Senate Judicial Subcommittee[edit]

In September 2008 Rotunda testified before a subcommittee of the United States Senate's Judicial Committee.[15] In her testimony Rotunda cited incidents where U.S. prison guards were attacked by detainees and where U.S. officials, contrary to U.S. and International Law, made some areas "off limits" to U.S. guards maintaining detention camps. She discussed one incident in Camp Bucca, Iraq, which led detainees to attack from the inside out and resulted in a bloody four day stand off. Rotunda supported religious freedoms for detainees, but opined that making prison areas and detainee personal items "off limits" to searches by U.S. prison guards has led to violence and has put guards at risk. She also pointed-out that it was contrary to U.S. Law. In her testimony before Congress, Rotunda also criticized the U.S. Army for limiting the duties of female military police officers serving in Guantanamo Bay, arguing that the U.S. Military should allow female and male officers alike to perform their duties without imposing limitations based on gender.

"According to one military police officer who served in Guantanamo Bay, detainees brandish their home-made shanks to threaten U.S. troops, and then quickly shove them back into the Qu'ran, where they know are "off limits" to guards. Even in this situation, the guard may not touch the Qu'ran to confiscate the weapon."

2011 Muslim Headscarf Controversy[edit]

In March 2011, Rotunda weighed in on a controversy over whether their superiors should have encouraged female GIs in Afghanistan and Iraq to wear Muslim head-scarves while deployed to Iraq. ,[16] stating that anyone familiar with military culture understood this suggestion was tantamount to an order, which inappropriately put female GIs at risk.

On April 8, 2011, in a Chicago Tribune op-ed about those risks, Rotunda triggered controversy.[17] Rotunda pointed out that photographs, released by the U.S. Military and published in the Washington Post, showed women wearing headscarves, in lieu of helmets, while on an armed patrol alongside male troops, who were wearing helmets.

Military spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Michael Lawhorn disputed Rotunda's safety claims, stating that a helmet could be worn over top of a headscarf.

According to Rotunda, the objections from Lieutenant Colonel Martha McSally, a female fighter pilot stationed in Saudi Arabia, had influenced Congress to pass an "anti-abaya law".[17] But Rotunda said the 2003 law was specific to female GIs stationed in Saudi Arabia, and that it had expired. She recommended that Congress reauthorize a similar law to protect female troops in the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

High Profile Litigation[edit]

Professor Rotunda has become involved in high profile legal issues and litigation stemming from the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars. In 2003, she was a lawyer assigned to Private Jessica Lynch after Lynch's rescue in Iraq.

In December 2011, Rotunda took on the U.S. Air Force for its allegedly illegal termination of 157 Air Force Officers on the eve of retirement. On December 28, 2011, Rotunda exposed the Air Force in a Wall Street Journal op-ed entitled The Air Force Grounds Its Officers, stating, "This holiday season, the Air Force has 'separated' (that is, fired) 157 officers on the eve of their retirement, including pilots flying dangerous missions, to avoid paying their pensions." She goes on to urge Congress to enact a law that would provide pro-rated retirement to these 157 officers and comments, "America's heroes have our backs. Who has theirs?"

In January 2012, Rotunda announced that Congressman Denny Rehberg (R-MT) had introduced the ' 'Keep America's Promises Act' ' which would provide a pro-rated retirement for the unlawfully terminated airmen. [The Daily Caller]

Celebrity Connections[edit]

Rotunda's celebrity connections include news commentator Dennis Miller, actor Gary Sinise, and internationally known mind-body expert Deepak Chopra. In November 2011, Rotunda hosted Chopra at Chapman University for an event entitled Healing Wounds of War which was specifically geared to veterans suffering with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Brain Injury.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kyndra Kaye Rotunda" (profile). Justia.com.
  2. ^ "Author Information: Kyndra Rotunda". cap-press.com. Carolina Academic Press. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved November 23, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Kyndra Rotunda, Esquire and Author: News and Events". self published. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "Kyndra Rotunda bio". Chapman University School of Law. Archived from the original on 2008-10-05. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Kyndra Rotunda (Miller) profile". LinkedIn. Retrieved April 25, 2011. [dubious ]
  6. ^ Rotunda, Kyndra Miller (2008). Honor Bound: Inside the Guantanamo Trials. Carolina Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-59460-512-3. 
  7. ^ Vieth, Peter (June 2, 2008). "Rotundas to leave GMU for California law school: Pair are latest to join faculty for Chapman". Virginia Lawyers Weekly. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. 
  8. ^ Jolly, Vik (October 27, 2008). "Pendleton Marines could get more access to legal help at Chapman University". Orange County Register. Retrieved April 1, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Restoring the Rule of Law: U.S. Senate Hearing transcript". United States Senate. September 16, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2009. 
  10. ^ Rotunda, Kyndra Miller (June 2008). Honor Bound: Inside the Guantanamo Trials. Carolina Academic Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-59460-512-3.  [not in citation given]
  11. ^ Shephard, Michelle (November 23, 2008). "Guantanamo: A place that will live in infamy". thestar.com (Toronto Star). Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved November 23, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b Fisher, Louis (September 2008). "Honor Bound: Inside the Guantanamo Trials review". Law & Politics Book Review 18 (9). American Political Science Association. pp. 830–833.  mirror
  13. ^ a b c J. Peter Pham (2008-06-22). "JAG: "Supreme Court Ruling Puts Soldiers at Great Risk"". National Review. Retrieved 2011-10-28. "...Kyndra Rotunda, a former legal advisor at Guantanamo and prosecutor with the Office of Military Commissions, agreed with the four dissenting Supreme Court Justices and argues that, because of the ruling, "military commanders must justify battlefield captures and prove to a U.S. judge that decisions they made on the ground—in a faraway land during a battle—were justified" and thus the decision "puts American troops at risk and will lead to more U.S. deaths on the battlefield because it makes it more difficult for soldiers to detain the enemy.""  mirror
  14. ^ "What Happens Now? Guantanamo Bay After Boumediene and Hamdan". University of San Diego. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2011-10-28.  mirror
  15. ^ Kyndra Rotunda (2008-09-16). "Testimony of Kyndra Rotunda". United States Senate. Retrieved 2011-10-28.  mirror
  16. ^ Caroline May (2011-03-31). "Don’t forget your hijab, soldier! American servicewomen encouraged to wear headscarves in Afghanistan". Fox News. Retrieved 2011-10-28. "Major Kyndra Rotunda, executive director of the Military Law and Policy Institute and AMVETS Legal Clinic, told The Daily Caller that while the women are not being ordered to wear the head scarf, encouragement is tantamount to a demand."  mirror
  17. ^ a b Kyndra Miller Rotunda (2011-04-11). "Stop encouraging deployed female soldiers to wear headscarves". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2011-10-28. "The U.S. military is "encouraging" female soldiers deployed to Afghanistan to wear Muslim headscarves — even when on patrol. Not only is it dangerous to patrol without a helmet, it imposes a religion on our troops and violates the uniform policy."  mirror