|Population statistics (as of 2001)|
|- Area:||101.0 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|- Density:||86 /km2 (222 /sq mi)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (center):||52 m (171 ft)|
|Postal code:||245 00|
Kyparissia (Greek: Κυπαρισσία) is a town and a former municipality in Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trifylia, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. The town proper has around 5,708 inhabitants. The town is located on Greek National Road 9, halfway between Pyrgos and Methoni. It is located approximately 65 km south of Pyrgos, 67 km west of Kalamata via the highway and approximately 16 km south of the Neda River. The elevation is sea level in the west, approximately 20 m in the town centre, and 50 m or higher in the east; the town is built on terraces. There are approximately 1,500 dwellings in the municipality. In the Middle Ages, it was known as Arkadia (not to be confused with the region of Arcadia).
- Athens - 255 km northeast
- Pyrgos - 63 km north
- Tripoli - 100 km northeast
- Kalamata - 67 km southeast
- Pylos - 60 km south
- Methoni - 74 km south
The municipal unit Kyparissia is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages and 2001 population in brackets):
- Armenioi (pop: 462)
- Faraklada (pop: 358)
- Kyparissia (Kyparissia, Memi, Blemenianoi, Myloi, Rouzaki, Terpsithea, total pop: 5,708)
- Mouriatada (Mouriatada, Karvouni, total pop: 125)
- Myro (Myro, Alimaki, total pop: 63)
- Perdikoneri (pop: 327)
- Raches (pop: 305)
- Spilia (pop: 614)
- Stasio (pop: 312)
- Vryses (pop: 306)
- Xirokampos (pop: 68)
The city centre is adjacent to the train tracks. Kyparissia has the southwesternmost railway station in Greece, the southwestern terminus of the OSE railway line. The railroad station has a freight yard with a length of around 500 m.
It is also an agricultural trade centre. Olive growing dominates the local agriculture; the town is almost surrounded by olive groves and trees and mixed farming. Forests including cypresses and pines lie to its east.
There is an acropolis and a fortress built during the Frankish period.
Kyparissia has churches, a hospital, schools, lyceums, a gymnasium, banks, churches including Agia Triada, a post office, squares and beaches (paralies).
Downtown is nearly 200 m from the shoreline of the Ionian Sea, which includes the nearby Gulf of Kyparissia (Kyparissiakos Kolpos), and west of the nearest mountains. The town has a port to the northwest in the bay; its barriers are almost shaped like the letter G, but the southwest barrier runs to the northwest from the point. The port is mainly used for cargo purposes and has no ferry services.
The shoreline features sea turtles, Caretta caretta.
In the Middle Ages, it was known as Arcadia (Ὰρκαδία), perhaps because of refugees from the region of Arcadia in the central Peloponnese who settled there fleeing the Slavic invasions of the early medieval period. Under the Principality of Achaea, Kyparissia was the seat of the Barony of Arcadia, which was the last Frankish territory (except for the Venetian possessions) to fall to the Despotate of the Morea, in 1432.
In 1460 Kyparissia came under Ottoman control, and remained so, with the exception of thirty years of Venetian rule, until the Greek War of Independence which began in 1821. After World War II and the Greek Civil War, several buildings were rebuilt, but much neo-classical architecture remains today.
|Year||Municipal district population||Municipality population|
- Dimitrios Pitsinis - Doctor/General Surgeon (1925–2003)
- Konstantinos Lamprinopoulos - politician, Mayor of Patras (August 18, 1950 - February 21, 1951), the only person to run Patras who was born in Kyparissia
- Theodoros Roussopoulos - journalist, politician
- Kostis Palamas- poet (1881)
- De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- Bon, Antoine (1969). La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d’Achaïe (in French). Paris: De Boccard. pp. 412–414.