Kyritz

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Saint Mary’s church
Kyritz
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Kyritz
Coat of arms
Kyritz   is located in Germany
Kyritz
Kyritz
Coordinates: 52°57′00″N 12°24′00″E / 52.95000°N 12.40000°E / 52.95000; 12.40000Coordinates: 52°57′00″N 12°24′00″E / 52.95000°N 12.40000°E / 52.95000; 12.40000
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Ostprignitz-Ruppin
Subdivisions Kyritz and 12 town districts
Government
 • Mayor Nora Görke (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 156.09 km2 (60.27 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 9,236
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16866
Dialling codes 03 39 71
Vehicle registration OPR, KY, NP, WK
Website www.kyritz.de

Kyritz (German pronunciation: [ˈkyːʁɪts]) is a town in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 28 km west of Neuruppin and 28 km southeast of Pritzwalk.

There are 9,900 inhabitants (2007).

Overview[edit]

The town is situated near the Kyritzer Seenkette, a chain of lakes. The town is nicknamed "Kyritz an der Knatter" (Kyritz at the Rattle). The noise of numerous water mills along a stream parallel to the river Jäglitz was the reason for this nickname. This river channel does not exist anymore.

The town includes the districts Berlitt, Bork, Drewen, Gantikow, Ganz, Holzhausen, Kötzlin, Lellichow, Mechow, Rehfeld and Teetz.

History[edit]

  • In the year 946 Kyritz was first mentioned in writing.
  • In the year 1225 a Franciscan friary was established here (dissolved in 1552)
  • In the year 1237 Kyritz (originally Chorizi) received the Stendal town right. The town is situated in the area Prignitz, Slavic pregynica (means "inaccessible woods").
  • In the 14th century Kyritz became a member of the Hanse. At this time the parish church St. Marien and the city wall were built. The church and rests of the city wall are still existing today.
  • In the year 1488 the first Kyritzer Beer named "Mord und Totschlag" (Murder and Manslaughter) was brewed. The Beer is still brewed in the village Dessow.
  • In 1600 count Hans Christoff von Königsmarck was born, a leading Swedish general in the Thirty Years' War who is most famous for conquering Prague in 1648.
  • In the year 1626 800 Kyritzer people died due to the bubonic plague.
  • In the 17th and 18th century half-timbered houses were built which still dominate the town center.
  • From 1806 to 1814 French occupation. In 1814 the "Peace oak" was planted which is still on the market place in front of the town hall.

Demography[edit]

Kyritz:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 7 639
1890 7 911
1910 7 960
1925 8 656
1933 8 820
1939 8 839
1946 13 437
1950 13 575
1964 11 653
1971 12 477
Year Population
1981 12 076
1985 12 085
1989 11 885
1990 11 727
1991 11 477
1992 11 421
1993 11 612
1994 11 537
1995 11 442
1996 11 473
Year Population
1997 11 407
1998 11 118
1999 11 077
2000 10 847
2001 10 721
2002 10 579
2003 10 427
2004 10 259
2005 10 158
2006 10 018
Year Population
2007 9 901
2008 9 793
2009 9 681
2010 9 537
2011 9 303
2012 9 236
2013 9 152

Photogallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kyritz at Wikimedia Commons