Ladislaus Hunyadi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from László Hunyadi)
Jump to: navigation, search
The native form of this personal name is Hunyadi László. This article uses the Western name order.
László Hunyadi's Farewell

Ladislaus Hunyadi or László Hunyadi (1431[1] – March 16, 1457) was a Hungarian statesman.

Ladislaus Hunyadi was the elder of the two sons of John Hunyadi, voivode of Transylvania and later regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, and Elizabeth Szilágyi. He was the older brother of Matthias Hunyadi, who would later became the king of Hungary. At a very early age he accompanied his father in his campaigns. After the battle of Kosovo (1448) he was left for a time, as a hostage for his father, in the hands of George Brankovic (1427–1456), despot of Serbia. In 1452 he was a member of the deputation which went to Vienna to receive back the Hungarian king Ladislaus V. In 1453 he was already ban of Croatia and Dalmatia.[2] At the diet of Buda (1455) he resigned all his dignities, because of the accusations of Ulrich II of Celje and the other enemies of his house, but a reconciliation was ultimately patched up and he was betrothed to Maria, the daughter of the palatine, Ladislaus Garai.

After his father's death in 1456, he was declared by his enemy Ulrich II of Celje (now Captain General of Hungary with significant power), responsible for the debts alleged to be owing by the elder Hunyadi to the state; but he defended himself so ably at the diet of Futak (October 1456) that Ulrich II of Celje feigned a reconciliation, promising to protect the Hunyadis on condition that they first surrendered all the royal castles entrusted to them. A beginning was to be made with the fortress of Nándorfehérvár (now Belgrade, Serbia) of which Hunyadi was commandant.[3] While admitting Ladislaus V and Ulrich, Hunyadi excluded their army of mercenaries. On the following morning (November 9, 1456) Ulrich II of Celje was killed by Hunyadi's men in unclear circumstances. Later Hunyadi served as master of the horse (Hungarian: lovászmester) until his death.[4]

The terrified young king, thereupon pardoned Hunyadi, and at a subsequent interview with his mother at Temesvár swore that he would protect the whole family. As a pledge of his sincerity he appointed Hunyadi lord treasurer and captain-general of the kingdom. Suspecting no evil, Hunyadi accompanied the king to Buda. But on arriving there he was arrested on a charge of plotting against the king, condemned to death without the observance of any legal formalities, and beheaded on the 16 March 1457.

He is the protagonist of a popular Hungarian opera, Hunyadi László by Ferenc Erkel.

See I. Acsády, History of the Hungarian Realm (Hungarian), vol. i. (Budapest, 1904).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bánhegyi 2008, p. 17.
  2. ^ Engel 1996, p. 27.
  3. ^ Engel 1996, p. 104.
  4. ^ Engel 1996, p. 43.

Sources[edit]

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Engel, Pál (1996). Magyarország világi archontológiája, 1301–1457, I. ("Secular Archontology of Hungary, 1301–1457, Volume I"). História, MTA Történettudományi Intézete. Budapest. ISBN 963-8312-44-0.
  • Kubinyi, András: Hunyadi Mátyás, a személyiség és a király, AETAS 22, 83–100, 2007.
  • Bánhegyi, Ferenc: A Hunyadiak dicsősége, Celldömölk, Apáczai Kiadó, 2008.
Ladislaus Hunyadi
Born: 1431 Died: 16 March 1457
Political offices
Preceded by
John Hunyadi
Ispán of Pozsony
1452
Succeeded by
Ladislaus Lévai
Preceded by
Peter Talovac
Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
1453
Succeeded by
vacant
Preceded by
Ladislaus Nagyvölgyi
Master of the horse
1456–1457
Succeeded by
Nicholas Pető
Preceded by
John Hunyadi
Ispán of Temes
1456–1457
Succeeded by
vacant
Ispán of Trencsén
1456–1457
Succeeded by
?