László Kovács (cinematographer)
László Kovács, (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈlaːsloː ˈkovaːtʃ]) A.S.C. (May 14, 1933 – July 22, 2007) was a Hungarian cinematographer who was influential in the development of American New Wave films. Most famous for his award-winning work on Easy Rider and Five Easy Pieces, Kovács was the recipient of numerous awards, including three Lifetime Achievement Awards. He was an active member of the American Society of Cinematographers and was member of the organization's board of directors.
Born in Cece, Hungary to Juliana and Imre Kovacs, Kovács studied cinema at the Academy of Drama and Film in Budapest between 1952 and 1956. Together with Vilmos Zsigmond, a fellow student and lifelong friend, Kovács secretly filmed the day-to-day development of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution on black and white 35mm film, using an Arriflex camera borrowed from their school. In November of that year, they smuggled the 30,000 feet (9,100 m) of film into Austria to have it developed, and they arrived in the United States in March 1957 to sell the footage. By that time, however, the revolution was no longer considered newsworthy and it was not until some years later, in 1961, that it was screened on the CBS television network, in a documentary narrated by Walter Cronkite.
Kovács settled in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1963. He worked at several manual labor jobs, including making maple syrup and printing microfilm documents in an insurance office, before making several "no-budget" and "low-budget" films with Vilmos Zsigmond, including The Incredibly Strange Creatures Who Stopped Living and Became Mixed-Up Zombies.
Kovács's breakthrough came with the 1969 film Easy Rider, starring and directed by Dennis Hopper. Kovács was reluctant to work on this film at first, having already worked on a number of B movie biker films, such as Hells Angels on Wheels. Hopper ultimately convinced Kovács that this film would be different and Kovács signed on as the film's director of photography. He earned 2nd place for the Best Cinematographer Golden Laurel at the 1970 Laurel Awards. In 1970, he again worked with Hopper on the film The Last Movie. That same year, Kovács filmed Five Easy Pieces, for which he received the 3rd place Golden Laurel for Best Cinematographer.
Kovács filmed more than 70 motion pictures. Among these were six films for director Peter Bogdanovich: Targets, What's Up, Doc?, Paper Moon, At Long Last Love, Nickelodeon, and Mask. Bogdanovich worked with Kovács more times than any other cinematographer.
Other notable films Kovács photographed include For Pete's Sake, Shampoo, New York, New York, Ghostbusters, Ruby Cairo, Say Anything, Radio Flyer, My Best Friend's Wedding, and Miss Congeniality. He also did additional photography on acclaimed, classic films like Close Encounters of the Third Kind and The Last Waltz.
When working on The Last Waltz, camera operators were instructed to turn their cameras off on different intervals, in order to save battery life. One of these instances was during Muddy Waters's set, but Waters's outstanding performance led director Martin Scorsese to spontaneously change his mind, and ordered all cameras to be turned on. Because the cameras took several minutes to fully warm up, most caught only the last few bars of Waters's performance. Kovács, however, either did not hear or disregarded orders to shut down his camera, and was the only cameraperson on set who managed to film Waters's entire performance.
Kovács's final work appears in Torn from the Flag, a 2006 feature documentary about the 1956 Hungarian Revolution which incorporates original footage he and Zsigmond shot as film students before fleeing to the United States.
Awards and honors
Kovács was honored with Lifetime Achievement Awards from Camerimage (1998), WorldFest (1999), and the American Society of Cinematographers (2002). The Lifetime Achievement Award from the ASC is the organization's highest honor. In addition, Kovács received an Excellence in Cinematography Award from the 1999 Hawaii International Film Festival and a Hollywood Film Award at the 2001 Hollywood Film Festival.
The American Society of Cinematographers dedicated the 2008 Heritage Award for top student filmmakers in memory of Kovacs.
The 2008 documentary film No Subtitles Necessary: Laszlo & Vilmos explores the 50-year friendship between Kovacs and Zsigmond and their influence on filmmaking. Film critic Leonard Maltin said that, without Kovacs and fellow cinematographer Zsigmond, "the American New Wave of the late 1960s and early ‘70s wouldn’t have flowered as it did."
Use of the name for film characters
In Jean-Luc Godard's film À bout de souffle (1960), the protagonist Michel uses the alias "Lazlo Kovacs" several times. This, though, is simply a coincidence, as Kovács would not have been known to anyone in the film world at that time.
Also, a character named László Kovács and played by Hungarian actor László Szabó presents himself to the camera as a student and political refugee in Pierrot le Fou (1965).
- "Laszlo Kovacs Biography (1933?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
- Bob Fisher, "Laszlo Kovacs, ASC... It’s a Wonderful Life", ICG Magazine, International Cinemaographers Guils, December 1998
- Schaefer, Dennis; Larry Salvato (1986). "Vilmos Zsigmond". Masters of Light: Conversations with Contemporary Cinematographers. University of California Press. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-520-05336-6.
- Ray Zone, New Wave King: The Cinematography of Laszlo Kovacs, ASC, ASC Holding Corp (2002), pp9-11, ISBN 0-935578-19-6
- Dennis Mclellan (2007-07-24). "Laszlo Kovacs, 74; cinematographer shot key New Hollywood films such as `Easy Rider’". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved 2009-01-25.[dead link]
- "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- "ASC Dedicates 2008 Heritage Award to Kovacs", The American Society of Cinematographers Magazine, September 20, 2007, retrieved 2009-02-27
- "Documentary About Kovacs And Zsigmond To Premiere At Cannes", The American Society of Cinematographers Magazine, May 8, 2008, retrieved 2009-02-27
- Ray Zone, New Wave King, The Cinematography of Laszlo Kovacs, ASC (2002), ASC Holding Corp., ISBN 0-935578-19-6
- Masters of Light - Conversations with cinematographers (1984) Schaefer, S & Salvato, L., ISBN 0-520-05336-2
- László Kovács at the Internet Movie Database
- Brief biography and credits
- László Kovács' work on Easy Rider
- Cinematographer Laszlo Kovacs dies at 74 (2007) Carolyn Giardina, The Hollywood Reporter
- László Kovács at the Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers
- International Cinematographers' Guild Biography
- No Subtitles Necessary: Laszlo & Vilmos. Independent Lens, PBS broadcast November 17, 2009.