Léon Daudet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Léon Daudet
Leon Daudet.JPG
Born Alphonse Marie Vincent Léon Daudet
16 November 1867 (1867-11-16)
Paris, France
Died 30 June 1942(1942-06-30) (aged 74)
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône, France
Occupation Novelist, essayist, journalist
Nationality French

Léon Daudet (French: [dodɛ]; 16 November 1867 – 30 June 1942) was a French journalist, writer, an active monarchist, and a member of the Académie Goncourt.

Move to the right[edit]

Daudet was born in Paris. His father was the novelist Alphonse Daudet and his younger brother, Lucien Daudet, would also become an artist. He was educated at the Lycée Louis le Grand, and afterwards studied medicine, a profession which he abandoned.[1] Léon Daudet married Jeanne Hugo, the granddaughter of Victor Hugo, in 1891 and thus entered into the higher social and intellectual circles of the French Third Republic. He divorced his wife in 1895 and became a vocal critic of the Republic, the Dreyfusard camp, and of democracy in general.[2]

Together with Charles Maurras (who remained a lifelong friend), he co-founded (1907) and was an editor of the nationalist, integralist periodical Action Française. A deputy from 1919 to 1924, he failed to win election as a senator in 1927 – despite having gained prominence as the voice of the monarchists. When Maurras was released from prison after serving a sentence for verbally attacking Prime Minister Leon Blum, Daudet[3] joined other political leaders Xavier Vallat, Darquier de Pellepoix, and Philippe Henriot to welcome him in the Vel' d'Hiv in July 1937.

Scandals and later life[edit]

When his son Philippe died in mysterious circumstances in 1923, Daudet accused the republican authorities of complicity with anarchist activists in what he believed to be a murder, and lost a lawsuit for defamation brought against him by the driver of the taxi in which Philippe's body was found. Condemned to five months in prison, Daudet fled and was exiled in Belgium, receiving a pardon in 1930. In 1934, during the Stavisky Affair, he was to denounce Prime Minister Camille Chautemps, calling him the "leader of a gang of robbers and assassins". He also showed particular detestation for the subsequent Prime Minister Léon Blum, candidate of a coalition of socialists and other parties of the left.

A supporter of the Vichy administration headed by Marshal Pétain, Léon Daudet died in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.

Works[edit]

Novels

Essays

Pamphlets

  • Le Nain de Lorraine - Raymond Poincaré (1930).
  • Le Garde des Seaux - Louis Barthou (1930).
  • Le Voyou De Passage - Aristide Briand (1930).

Miscellany

  • Alphonse Daudet (1898).
  • Souvenirs des Milieux Littéraires, Politiques, Artistiques et Médicaux (1914–1921):
  • La Pluie de Sang (1932).
  • Député de Paris (1933).
  • Paris Vécu:
    • Rive Droite (1929).
    • Rive Gauche (1930).
  • Quand Vivait mon Père (1940).

Works in English translation

  • Alphonse Daudet (1898).
  • Memoirs of Léon Daudet (1925).
  • The Stupid Nineteenth Century (1928).
  • Cloudy Trophy; the Romance of Victor Hugo (1938).
  • The Tragic Life of Victor Hugo (1939).
  • Clemenceau; a Stormy Life (1940).
  • The Napus: The Great Plague of the Year 2227 (translated, annotated and introduced by Brian Stableford, 2013).
  • The Bacchantes: A Dionysian Scientific Romance (translated, annotated and introduced by Brian Stableford, 2013).

Selected articles

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daudet, Léon." In: Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. XXX. London: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company, 1922, p. 808.
  2. ^ Beum, Robert (1997). "Ultra-Royalism Revisited: An Annotated Bibliography," Modern Age, Vol. 39, No. 3, p. 304.
  3. ^ Paxton, Robert (1995). Vichy France and the Jews. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, p. 250.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]