Löfgren syndrome

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Löfgren syndrome
Classification and external resources
DiseasesDB 11797

Löfgren syndrome is a type of acute sarcoidosis[1] that is frequent in Scandinavian, Irish, African and Puerto Rican women.

It was characterized in 1953[2] by Sven Halvar Löfgren, a Swedish clinician.[3]

Some have considered the condition to be imprecisely defined.[4]

Presentation[edit]

It is characterized by enlargement of the lymph nodes near the inner border of the lungs (called "hilar lymphadenopathy") as seen on x-ray, and tender red nodules (erythema nodosum) are classically present on the shins, predominantly in women. It may also be accompanied by arthritis (more prominent in men) and fever. The arthritis is often acute and involves the lower extremities.[5]

Löfgren syndrome consists of the triad of erythema nodosum, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy on chest radiograph, and arthralgia.

Prognosis[edit]

Löfgren syndrome is associated with a good prognosis,with > 90% of patients experiencing disease resolution within 2 years.

In contrast, patients with the disfiguring skin condition lupus pernio or cardiac or neurologic involvement rarely experience disease remission.

Genetics[edit]

Recent studies have demonstrated that the HLA-DQB1*0201 is strongly associated with Löfgren syndrome.

It is associated with HLA-DRB1*03.[6]

Treatment Options[edit]

NSAIDs (non steroid anti-inflammatory drug) is the usual recommended treatment for Löfgren syndrome.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ohta H, Tazawa R, Nakamura A et al. (2006). "Acute-onset sarcoidosis with erythema nodosum and polyarthralgia (Löfgren's syndrome) in Japan: a case report and a review of the literature". Intern. Med. 45 (9): 659–662. doi:10.2169/internalmedicine.45.1452. PMID 16755100. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  2. ^ Löfgren S (1953). "Primary pulmonary sarcoidosis. I. Early signs and symptoms". Acta Med Scand 145 (6): 424–431. doi:10.1111/j.0954-6820.1953.tb07039.x. PMID 13079656. 
  3. ^ Sven Halvar Löfgren biography
  4. ^ Grunewald J, Eklund A (January 2007). "Sex-specific manifestations of Löfgren's syndrome". Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 175 (1): 40–44. doi:10.1164/rccm.200608-1197OC. PMC 1899259. PMID 17023727. 
  5. ^ Sam, Amir H.; James T.H. Teo (2010). Rapid Medicine. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 1405183233. 
  6. ^ Grunewald J, Eklund A (February 2009). "Löfgren's syndrome: human leukocyte antigen strongly influences the disease course". Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 179 (4): 307–312. doi:10.1164/rccm.200807-1082OC. PMID 18996998.