Lamedh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lām)
Jump to: navigation, search
Lamedh
Phonemic representation l
Position in alphabet 12
Numerical value 30
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician

Lamed or Lamedh is the twelfth letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew Lamed ל and Arabic alphabet Lām ل. Its sound value is [l].

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Lambda (Λ), Latin L, and Cyrillic Л.

Hebrew Lamed[edit]

Orthographic variants
Various print fonts Cursive
Hebrew
Rashi
script
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
ל ל ל Hebrew letter Lamed handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Lamed Rashi.png

Hebrew spelling: לָמֶד

Pronunciation[edit]

Lamed transcribes as an alveolar lateral approximant /l/.

Significance[edit]

Lamed in gematria represents the number 30.

With the letter Vav it refers to the Lamedvavniks, the 36 righteous people who save the world from destruction.

As an abbreviation, it can stand for litre. Also, a sign on a car with a Lamed on it means that the driver is a student of driving (the Lamed stands for lomed, learner).

As a prefix, it can have two purposes:

  • It can be attached to verb roots, designating the infinitive (Daber means "speak", Ledaber means to speak).
  • It can also act as a preposition meaning "to" or "for".

Arabic lām[edit]

The letter is named lām, and is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ل ـل ـلـ لـ

Some examples on its uses in Modern Standard Arabic. (Normally, diacritics are not written):

Lām is used as a prefix in two different ways. Lām-kasra (لـِ, /li/) is essentially a preposition meaning "to" or "for", as in لِوالدي liwālidī, "for my father". In this usage, it has become concatenated with other words to form new constructions often treated as independent words: for instance, لِماذا limāḏā, meaning "why?", is derived from لـِ li and ماذا māḏā, meaning "what?" thus getting "for what?". This construction is virtually semantically identical the equivalent in most Romance languages, e.g. French pourquoi, Spanish por qué, and Italian perché (though ché is an archaism and not in current use).

The other construction, lām-fatḥa (لَـ /la/) is used as an emphatic particle in very formal Arabic and in certain fixed constructions, such as لَقد laqad (itself an emphatic particle for past-tense verbs) and in the conditional structure لو...لَـ law...la, effectively one of the forms of if...then....

Character encodings[edit]

Character ל ل ܠ
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER LAMED ARABIC LETTER LAM SYRIAC LETTER LAMADH SAMARITAN LETTER LABAT
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1500 U+05DC 1604 U+0644 1824 U+0720 2059 U+080B
UTF-8 215 156 D7 9C 217 132 D9 84 220 160 DC A0 224 160 139 E0 A0 8B
Numeric character reference ל ל ل ل ܠ ܠ ࠋ ࠋ
Character 𐎍 𐡋 𐤋
Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER LAMDA IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER LAMEDH PHOENICIAN LETTER LEMDA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66445 U+1038D 67659 U+1084B 67851 U+1090B
UTF-8 240 144 142 141 F0 90 8E 8D 240 144 161 139 F0 90 A1 8B 240 144 164 139 F0 90 A4 8B
UTF-16 55296 57229 D800 DF8D 55298 56395 D802 DC4B 55298 56587 D802 DD0B
Numeric character reference 𐎍 𐎍 𐡋 𐡋 𐤋 𐤋

References[edit]