László Detre (microbiologist)

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László Detre (October 29, 1874, Nagysurány – May 7, 1939, Washington, DC (a.k.a. Ladislas Deutsch, Ladislaus Deutsch[1]) was a Hungarian physician and microbiologist,[2] the founder and first director of the Hungarian Serum Institute in Budapest.[3]

Detre coined the term "antigen" in a 1903 French-language paper co-authored with Russian biologist Élie Metchnikoff (referring to "substances immunogènes ou antigènes"), although the word and concept appears in his research as early as 1899.[1][4] He is also a codiscoverer of the Wassermann reaction, publishing his discovery in humans just two weeks[citation needed] after Wassermann documented his findings in apes.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Origins of the Terms 'Antibody' and 'Antigen'", Scand. J. Immunol., 19, 281-285, 1984 p. 281
  2. ^ Detre László bakteriológus
  3. ^ "How immunology was won in Hungary", by János Gergely, Immunology Today, Volume 13, Issue 8, 1992, Pages A1-A3, doi:10.1016/0167-5699(92)90054-B
  4. ^ Eichmann, Klaus. The Network Collective: Rise and Fall of a Scientific Paradigm, Springer Press, 2008, p. 221.
  5. ^ The Washington Century: Three Families and the Shaping of the Nation's Capital By Burt Solomon, 2005, ISBN 0-06-093785-8, [1]