Lê Văn Khôi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Lê Văn Khôi (𠐤;[1] died 1834) was the adopted son of the Vietnamese general Lê Văn Duyệt. He led the 1833–1835 Lê Văn Khôi revolt against Emperor Minh Mạng, but died in 1834.

As Duyệt was being prosecuted and his relatives condemned, Khôi had been imprisoned, but managed to escape on May 10, 1833.[2] Soon, numerous people joined his revolt, in the desire to avenge Duyệt and challenge the legitimacy of the Nguyễn Dynasty.[3] Khôi fortified himself into the Citadel of Saigon and asked for the help of the Siamese.[2]

Khôi died in December 1834 during the siege and was succeeded by his 8-year old son Lê Văn Cù.[2] [4] The Citadel fell in September 1835, and Cù was tortured and executed, together with the French missionary Joseph Marchand.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Việt Nam sử lược/Quyển II/Cận kim thời đại/Chương III
  2. ^ a b c Chapuis, p.192
  3. ^ Wook, p. 95.
  4. ^ lê văn khôi Hà Nội thiet ke chung cu starcity lê văn lương
  5. ^ Nghia M. Vo - Saigon: A History - Page 53 2011 "The six principal leaders were sent to Huế to be executed. Among them were the French missionary Marchand, accused of being the leader of the Catholic rebel group; Nguyễn Văn Trấm, the leader of the hồi lương who took the command of the revolt after Lê Văn Khôi's death in 1834; and Lưu Tín, the Chinese leader."

References[edit]

  • Chapuis, Oscar (1995). A History of Vietnam: From Hong Bang to Tu Duc. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-29622-2. 
  • McLeod, Mark W. (1991). The Vietnamese response to French intervention, 1862–1874. Praeger. ISBN 0-275-93562-0. 
  • Choi Byung, Wook (2004). Southern Vietnam under the reign of Minh Mạng (1820–1841): central policies and local response. SEAP Publications. ISBN 0-87727-138-0.