Lívia Járóka (born on 6 October 1974 in Tata) is a Hungarian politician of part Romani ethnicity. She is a Member of the European Parliament, elected as part of the Fidesz list in 2004. Járóka was the second Roma (but the first Roma woman) ever elected to the European Parliament; the first was Juan de Dios Ramirez Heredia from Spain, who served from 1994-1999.
Járóka grew up in Sopron, a town near Hungary's western border with Austria. Her father is ethnically Roma, her mother Hungarian. After getting an MA in sociology from the Central European University Warsaw campus on a scholarship from the Soros-funded Open Society Institute she went on to study anthropology in Britain, focusing on Romani issues and culture. In August 2003, she had a daughter. As of January 2005, she was still enrolled as a senior PhD anthropology student at University College London researching the politics of ethnic identity among Roma in Hungary.