Lóide Aéreo Nacional

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Lóide Aéreo Nacional
IATA
ICAO
Callsign
Founded 1947 (as TCA)
1949 (as Lóide Aéreo Nacional)
Ceased operations 1962
Key people Ruy Vacani

Lóide Aéreo Nacional S/A was a Brazilian airline founded in 1947. In 1962 it was incorporated by VASP.

History[edit]

On December 22, 1947, Ruy Vacani founded the airline TCA – Transportes Carga Aérea S.A. in Anápolis, State of Goiás, Brazil, an airline specialized in transportation of cargo. Previously, in 1928, Vacani had also founded ETA - Empresa de Transporte Aéreo an airline that lasted for only for one year, being sold to NYRBA do Brasil. Vacani had good political connections with the then president Getúlio Vargas, who apparently favored his business. Shareholders of the airline also included Roberto Taves, one of the founders of Aerovias Brasil and Colonel Marcílio Jacques Gibson who in 1976 founded TABA – Transportes Aéreos da Bacia Amazônica.[1]

On August 24, 1949 TCA had its name changed to Lóide Aéreo Nacional and started regular passenger flights using Curtiss C-46 Commando aircraft, flying from Rio de Janeiro to São Luís or Fortaleza with intermediate stops. Its operations later grew to include the whole Brazilian territory.

In 1951 Lóide Aéreo Nacional incorporated the airlines, Linhas Aéreas Paulistas – LAP and TABA – Transportes Aéreos Bandeirantes, and in 1961 NAB – Navegação Aérea Brasileira.[2]

Between 1956 and 1958 Lóide Aéreo Nacional and Panair do Brasil had an agreement to avoid harmful competition, in which the Brazilian territory was divided into areas of influence. It also included leasing of aircraft.

Business started to decline in 1960 and finally, in 1962 Lóide Aéreo Nacional was sold and merged into VASP.

Destinations[edit]

In January 1956, the network of Lóide Aéreo Nacional comprised 22 locations[where?].

Fleet[edit]

Lóide Aéreo Nacional Fleet[3]
Aircraft Total Years of operation Notes
Douglas DC-3/C-47 3 1948–1951
Curtiss C-46 Commando 33 1949–1962
Douglas DC-4 10 1957–1962
Douglas DC-6A 4 1961–1962

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Accidents involving fatalities

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve história da aviação comercial brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa. pp. 308–313. 
  2. ^ Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica (2005). História Geral da Aeronáutica Brasileira: de janeiro de 1946 a janeiro de 1956 após o término da Segunda Guerra Mundial até a posse do Dr. Juscelino Kubitschek como Presidente da República (in Portuguese) 4. Rio de Janeiro: GR3 Comunicação & Design. p. 345. 
  3. ^ Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve História da Aviação Comercial Brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa. pp. 314–315. 
  4. ^ "Accident description PP-LPG". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Linhas Aéreas Paulistas". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 108–111. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  6. ^ "Accident description CB-39". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Accident description PP-LDE". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Lima delta xadrez". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. p. 170. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  9. ^ "Accident description PP-LEM". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "O senhor do céu". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 162–164. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  11. ^ "Accident description PP-LEQ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "O senhor do céu". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. p. 164. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  13. ^ "Accident description PP-LDX". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Lima delta xadrez". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 169–170. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 

External links[edit]