Lübben (Spreewald)

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Lübben (Spreewald)
Lübben Castle
Lübben Castle
Coat of arms of Lübben (Spreewald)
Coat of arms
Lübben (Spreewald)   is located in Germany
Lübben (Spreewald)
Lübben (Spreewald)
Coordinates: 51°57′N 13°54′E / 51.950°N 13.900°E / 51.950; 13.900Coordinates: 51°57′N 13°54′E / 51.950°N 13.900°E / 51.950; 13.900
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District lubben Kröniche
Subdivisions 6 Ortsteile bzw. Stadtbezirke
Government
 • Mayor Lothar Bretterbauer (CDU)
Area
 • Total 119.91 km2 (46.30 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,815
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15907
Dialling codes 03546
Vehicle registration LDS
Website www.luebben.de

Lübben (Spreewald) (Lower Sorbian: Lubin (Błota)) is a town of 14,000 people, capital of the Dahme-Spreewald district in the Lower Lusatia region of Brandenburg, Germany.

Administrative structure[edit]

Districts of the town are:

  • Lübben Stadt (Lower Sorbian: Lubin město)
  • Hartmannsdorf (Hartmanojce)
  • Lubolz (Lubolc)
    • Groß Lubolz (Wjelike Lubolce)
    • Klein Lubolz (Małe Lubolce)
  • Neuendorf (Nowa Wjas)
  • Radensdorf (Radom; Radowašojce)
  • Steinkirchen (Kamjena)
  • Treppendorf (Ranchow)

History[edit]

The castle of Lubin in the March of Lusatia was first mentioned in an 1150 register of Nienburg Abbey and had received town privileges according to Magdeburg law by 1220. From 1301 the town in the centre of the Spreewald floodplain was in the possession of the monks of Dobrilugk Abbey, who sold it to Duke Rudolph I of Saxe-Wittenberg in 1329. After several conflicts with the Wittelsbach margraves of Brandenburg the March of Lustia was finally acquired by Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg in 1367 who incorporated Lübben into the Kingdom of Bohemia. In the 15th century Lübben became the seat of the Bohemian Vogt administrator and the provincial diet (Landtag) of Lower Lusatia.

In 1526 the House of Habsburg inherited the Bohemian kingdom including Lusatia, which in 1623 Ferdinand II of Habsburg had to give in pawn to Elector John George I of Saxony. The Saxon Electorate finally acquired Lübben by signing the 1635 Peace of Prague. After the Napoleonic Wars it again fell to the Prussian province of Brandenburg by the final act of the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

During World War II, Lübben was taken by Soviet troops of the 3rd Guards Army on 27 April 1945.

Demography[edit]

Lübben (Spreewald):
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 9168
1890 10140
1925 11992
1933 12018
1939 12337
1946 12726
1950 12245
1964 14717
1971 15274
1981 15757
Year Population
1985 15829
1989 15712
1990 15495
1991 15257
1992 15262
1993 15139
1994 15202
1995 15091
1996 15070
1997 15054
Year Population
1998 14998
1999 15095
2000 15025
2001 14845
2002 14897
2003 14807
2004 14751
2005 14627
2006 14557
2007 14346
Year Population
2008 14250
2009 14179
2010 14122
2011 13869
2012 13815

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:

Lübben is twinned with Wolsztyn in Poland and Neunkirchen, Saarland in Germany.

Neuhaus Manor

Places of interest[edit]

  • Spreewald biosphere reserve
  • Lübben Castle, on medieval foundations, rebuilt in the 17th century under the rule of Duke Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg
  • Neuhaus Manor in Steinkirchen, built in 1801, former residence of author Christoph Ernst von Houwald from 1822 on
  • Romanesque St Pancras fieldstone church in Steinkirchen built in the early 13th century, one of the oldest preserved churches in Lower Lusatia
  • Paul Gerhardt Church from the 16th century, where Paul Gerhardt preached from 1669 on
  • Roman Catholic Trinity Church, built in 1862

Notable people[edit]

Born in Lübben[edit]

Related to Lübben[edit]

  • Paul Gerhardt (1607–1676), German hymn writer, 1668 till his death archdeacon of Lübben
  • Christoph Ernst von Houwald (1778–1845), German dramatist and author
  • Götz von Houwald (1913-2001), German diplomat, historian and ethnographer, completed his secondary education in Lübben
  • Jens Riewa (* 1963), German television presenter and broadcast news analyst for the Tagesschau, grew up in Lübben
  • Daniel Ziebig (* 1983), German footballer, used to live in Lübben

References[edit]

External links[edit]