||This biographical article is written like a résumé. (January 2011)|
Lüder Deecke (German: [ˈdeːkə]; born 22 June 1938) is a neurologist, neuroscientist, teacher and physician whose scientific discoveries have influenced brain research and the treatment and rehabilitation of neurological disorders.
Full Professor and Head, Department of Clinical Neurology at the University of Vienna Medical University of Vienna, professor emeritus since OCT 2006, Deecke is also head of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Functional Brain Topography and is the author of a number of books and more than 580 publications in the fields of neurology, clinical neurology, neurophysiology, clinical neurophysiology, neurosciences, brain research, movement disorders, etc.
His early research with Hans Helmut Kornhuber in the mid sixties led to the discovery of the Bereitschaftspotential (or readiness potential), which is a measure of neural activity in the brain that precedes voluntary movements. This discovery set an important standard in research and rehabilitation of motor systems, and re-introduced the word will in key word registers
1958 Baccalaureat at 'Humanistisches Gymnasium-Ernestinum Celle'. Study of Physics, University of Hamburg
1959-60 Military service (Lieutenant of the reserve)
1960-66 Study of Medicine at the universities of Freiburg (im Breisgau), Hamburg and Vienna, Austria. Stipend of the 'Studienstiftung'
1965 Graduation in Medicine
1966 ECFMG examination of the US (Educational Council for Foreign Medical Graduates) in Frankfurt/Main, Germany
1966-68 Internship at the Neurological University Hospital with Neurophysiology Freiburg (Prof. Richard Jung)
1968-70 Resident, Neurological University Hospital Ulm (Prof. H.H. Kornhuber)
1970-71 Research Fellow, Oto-Neurophysiology Laboratory, University of Toronto (Prof. J.M. Fredrickson
1972-74 Senior Resident Neurological University Hospital Ulm (Prof. H.H. Kornhuber)
1974 'Habilitation (thesis to become Professor) for Neurology and Neurophysiology
1978 Associate Professor of Neurology
1982 1 year of Visiting Professorship with Hal Weinberg, Brain Behaviour Laboratory Simon Fraser University Vancouver
1985 Full Professor (Professor Ordinarius) University of Vienna, Austria, Chair of Clinical Neurology
1985 Head, Neurological University Hospital Vienna
1992 Founder of the 'Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Functional Brain Topography' and head of the institute
2000 Head, Department of Clinical Neurology University of Vienna
2006 Professor emeritus (o. Univ. Prof. em. Dr. med. Dr. h.c. Lüder Deecke, formerly head, Department of Clinical Neurology, Medical University Vienna & Vienna General Hospital.
1987 till present President of the Austrian Multiple Sclerosis Society
Awards and recognitions
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- 1997 Hoechst Award
- 1990 Citation Classic, Current Contents, Institute for Scientific Information (Kornhuber & Deecke, Pflügers Arch. 284: 1-17, 1965 regarding the Bereitschaftspotential
- 1991 Distinguished Visiting Professor, Department of Neurology (Arnold Starr) at the University of California, Irvine, California, USA.
- 1982 Distinguished Visiting Professor, Brain Behaviour Laboratory (Hal Weinberg), Simon Fraser University, Vancouver Canada
- Deecke L, Kornhuber HH (2003) Human freedom, reasoned will, and the brain: The Bereitschaftspotential story. In: M Jahanshahi, M Hallett(Eds) The Bereitschaftspotential, movement-related cortical potentials. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers New York, pp 283-320 ISBN 0-306-47407-7
- Kornhuber HH, Deecke L (1964) Hirnpotentialänderungen beim Menschen vor und nach Willkürbewegungen, dargestellt mit Magnetbandspeicherung und Rückwärtsanalyse. Pflügers Arch 281: 52
- Kornhuber HH, Deecke L (1965) Hirnpotentialänderungen bei Willkürbewegungen und passiven Bewegungen des Menschen: Bereitschaftspotential und reafferente Potentiale. Pflügers Arch 284: 1-17 "Citation Classic"
- Deecke L, Scheid P, Kornhuber HH (1969) Distribution of readiness potential, pre-motion positivity, and motor potential of the human cerebral cortex preceding voluntary finger movements. Exp Brain Res 7: 158-168 "Citation Classic"
- Deecke L, Grözinger B, Kornhuber HH (1976) Voluntary finger movement in man: Cerebral potentials and theory. Biol Cybern 23: 99-119 "Citation Classic"
- Deecke L, Kornhuber HH (1978) An electrical sign of participation of the mesial "supplementary" motor cortex in human voluntary finger movements. Brain Res 159: 473-476 "Citation Classic"
- Kornhuber HH, Deecke L (Eds) (1980) Motivation, motor and sensory processes of the brain: Electrical potentials, behaviour and clinical use. Amsterdam, Elsevier, Prog Brain Res Vol 54, 811 pp
- Deecke L, Eisinger H, Kornhuber HH (1980) Comparison of Bereitschaftspotential, pre-motion positivity and motor potential preceding voluntary flexion and extension movements in man. In: Kornhuber HH, Deecke L (Eds) Motivation, motor and sensory processes of the brain: Electrical potentials, behaviour and clinical use. Amsterdam, Elsevier, Prog Brain Res Vol 54: pp 171-176
- Mergner T, Deecke L, Becker W (1981) Patterns of vestibular and neck responses and their interaction: A comparison between cat cortical neurons and human psychophysics. Ann NY Acad Sci 374: 361-372
- Hink RF, Kohler H, Deecke L, Kornhuber HH (1982) Risk-taking and the human Bereitschaftspotential. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 53: 361-373
- Hink RF, Deecke L, Kornhuber HH(1983) Force uncertainty of voluntary movement and human movement-related potentials. Biol Psychol 16: 197-210
- Schreiber H, Lang M, Lang W, Kornhuber A, Heise B, Keidel M, Deecke L, Kornhuber HH (1983) Frontal hemispheric differences of the Bereitschaftspotential associated with writing and drawing. Hum Neurobiol 2: 197-202
- Deecke L, Heise B, Kornhuber HH, Lang M, Lang W (1984) Brain potentials associated with voluntary manual tracking: Bereitschaftspotential, conditioned pre-motion positivity, directed attention potential, and relaxation potential. Anticipatory activity of the limbic and frontal cortex. In: Karrer R, Cohen J, Tueting P (Eds): Brain and information: Event-related potentials. Ann NY Acad Sci, Vol 425: 450-464
- Lang M, Lang W, Heise B, Deecke L, Kornhuber HH (1984) Brain potentials related to voluntary hand tracking, motivation and attention. Hum Neurobiol 3: 235-240
- Kornhuber HH, Deecke L, Lang W, Lang M, Kornhuber A (1989) Will, volitional action, attention and cerebral potentials in man: Bereitschaftspotential, performance-related potentials, directed attention potential, EEG spectrum changes. Chapter 6 in: Hershberger WA (Ed) Volitional action. Amsterdam, Elsevier (North Holland), pp 107-168
- Deecke L, Eccles JC, Mountcastle VB (Eds) (1990) From neuron to action. An appraisal of fundamental and clinical research. Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, etc. 677 pp
- Deecke L, Lang W (1996) Generation of movement-related potentials and fields in the supplementary sensorimotor area and the primary motor area. Advances in Neurology, Vol. 70: Supplementary Sensorimotor Area, HO Lüders (Ed) pp 127-146
- Deecke L (1996) Planning, preparation, execution, and imagery of volitional action, (Introduction/Editorial) in: Deecke L, Lang W, Berthoz A (Eds) Mental representations of motor acts (Special Issue) Cogn Brain Res 3 (2): 59-64
- Gerschlager W, Alesch F, Cunnington R, Deecke L, Dirnberger G, Endl W, Lindinger G, Lang W (1999) Bilateral subthalamic nucleus stimulation improves frontal cortex function in Parkinson's disease. An electrophysiological study of the contingent negative variation. Brain 122: 2365-2373
- Cunnington R, Windischberger C, Deecke L, Moser E (2002) The preparation and execution of self-initiated and externally-triggered movement: A study of event-related fMRI. NeuroImage 15: 373-385
- Cunnington R, Windischberger C, Deecke L, Moser E: The preparation and readiness for voluntary movement: a high-field event-related fMRI study of the Bereitschafts-BOLD response. NeuroImage 20: 404-412 (2003)
- Kornhuber HH, Deecke L: Wille und Gehirn. 2. überarb. Aufl. Edition Sirius, Bielefeld/Basel, Aisthesis-Verlag, 158 pp. (2009) ISBN 978-3-89528-628-5