Lütfi Kırdar

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Lütfi Kırdar
Mehmet Lütfi Kırdar.jpg
Mehmet Lütfi Kırdar
Minister of Health and Social Security
In office
November 26, 1957 – May 27, 1960
Prime Minister Adnan Menderes
Preceded by Nafiz Körez
Succeeded by Nusret Karasu
Ambassador of Turkey to Sweden
In office
1949–1949
President İsmet İnönü
Governor and Mayor of Istanbul
In office
December 5, 1938 – October 20, 1949
Preceded by Muhittin Üstündağ
Succeeded by Fahrettin Kerim Gökay
Governor of Manisa
In office
1936–1938
Preceded by Murat Germen
Succeeded by Osman Şahinbaş
Personal details
Born 1887
Kirkuk, Ottoman Empire
Died February 17, 1961
Yassıada, Istanbul, Turkey
Citizenship Turkish
Political party Republican People's Party (CHP)
Democrat Party (DP)
Education Medicine
Alma mater Istanbul University

Mehmet Lütfi Kırdar (1887-February 17, 1961) was a Turkish physician, civil servant, politician and Minister of Health and Social Security. He is best remembered for his long-term position as the Governor and Mayor of Istanbul.

Early years and professional career[edit]

Lütfi Kırdar was born 1887 to a prominent family in Kirkuk, then in the Ottoman Empire. After finishing primary and secondary education in his hometown, he graduated from high school in Baghdad, Ottoman Empire. In 1908, he went to Istanbul to study medicine at Istanbul University.[1][2]

He interrupted his university education and entered the army when the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) outbroke. After the war, he resumed his university education and graduated in 1917 as a physician. He began his profession in Najaf (today in Iraq). During World War I (1914-1918), he joined the army again.[1][2]

After the World War I, he returned to medicine serving in the Turkish Red Crescent. Having met Mustafa Kemal Atatürk during the Erzurum Congress (1919), he subsequently participated at the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1922) as the leader of military medical service. For his contributions, he was later awarded with the Medal of Independence.[1][2]

Following the proclamation of the Republic in 1923, Lütfi Kırdar conducted special studies on ophthalmology in Vienna, Austria and Munich, Germany. Returned home in 1924, he became Director of Health in Izmir. In 1933, Lütfi Kırdar took the post of an ophthalmologist at the State Hospital in Izmir.[1][2]

Politics[edit]

Kırdar was elected deputy of Kütahya from the Republican People's Party in 1935. In 1936, he was appointed Governor of Manisa Province. On December 5, 1938, Lütfi Kırdar became Governor and Mayor of Istanbul Province, serving at this post twelve years long until October 20, 1949.[1][2]

During his term as governor and mayor, important buildings were constructed in Istanbul, among them Sport and Exhibition Center (renamed later Istanbul Lütfi Kırdar Convention and Exhibition Center), Cemil Topuzlu Open-Air Theatre, Mithat Pasha Stadium (renamed later BJK İnönü Stadium), Taksim Square and Atatürk Boulevard, which connects Golden Horn with Aksaray in Fatih district.

In 1949, Lütfi Kırdar was appointed Ambassador to Stockholm in Sweden. In December the same year, he became deputy of Manisa from the Republican People's Party (CHP) in the intermediate election. However, he lost his chair in the parliament in the 1950 general election.[1][2]

Switched over to the Democrat Party (DP), he was re-elected in the 1954 general election as deputy of Istanbul, and again in the 1957 general election.[1][2]

Prime minister Adnan Menderes appointed Lütfi Kırdar Minister of Health and Social Security on November 26, 1957. He served in the cabinet until May 27, 1960 when military overtook the government by the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.[1][2]

He was arrested along with all other government ministers and brought before military tribunal on Yassıada, an island in Marmara Sea. He died of myocardial infarction during his defense in the court on February 17, 1961.[2] Two days later, he was laid to rest at the Zincirlikuyu Cemetery. He is survived by his two sons Erdem and Üner.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Lütfi Kırdar" (in Turkish). maarkit. Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Salihoğlu, M. Latif (2010-02-17). "Dr. Lütfi Kırdar'ın Yassıada dramı". Yeni Asya (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Muhittin Üstündağ
Governor and Mayor of İstanbul
December 5, 1938–October 20, 1949
Succeeded by
Fahrettin Kerim Gökay
Preceded by
Nafiz Körez
Minister of Health and Social Security
November 26, 1957–May 27, 1960
Succeeded by
Nusret Karasu