L&YR Class 27

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L&YR Class 27
27 class 1300 at Buckley Wells.jpg
27 class locomotive on the East Lancashire Railway
Specifications
Power type Steam
Builder L&YR, Horwich Works
Build date 1889–1918
Total produced 484
Configuration 0-6-0
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Wheel diameter 5 ft 1 in (1.549 m)
Length 48 ft 6 in (14.78 m)
Locomotive weight 42 long tons 11 cwt (95,300 lb or 43.2 t)
Locomotive and tender
combined weight
69 long tons 3 cwt (154,900 lb or 70.3 t)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 180 psi (1.24 MPa)
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 18 in × 26 in (457 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Joy valve gear
Tractive effort 21,130 lbf (94.0 kN)
Locomotive brake Vacuum
Train brakes Vacuum
Career
Railroad(s) Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
Class Class 27
Power class LMS & BR: 3F [1][2]
Number L&YR: random,
LMS:12083–12467
Nicknames "A Class"

The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Class 27 is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive designed for freight work on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR).

Construction and operation[edit]

L&YR Class 27 0-6-0 52095 at Rose Grove Motive Power Depot, Burnley, Lancashire, on 28 March 1959

Class 27 locomotives were designed by John Aspinall and 484 were built between 1889 - 1918 at Horwich Works. It was the standard goods engine used by the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. Aspinall opted for a two cylinder format with a non superheated round top boiler. David Joy's configuration of valve gear was employed. By the time Aspinall became general manager of the L&YR on 1 July 1899 more than 400 of the simple but powerful engines had been built. More were built under his successors, Henry Hoy and George Hughes, albeit with some modifications. By 1918 there were the 484 locomotives in the class.

Superheating[edit]

Under Hughes, one of the class was subject to early experiments in superheating, the process of increasing the temperature of steam produced in the boiler so the minimum of energy was lost. After months of trials, 20 superheated engines were authorised to be built and the first of the superheated class 27s emerged from Horwich Works in 1909. The superheated 27s had the same boiler pressure as the originals, 180 psi. The first batch had round topped boilers, but in 1912 a second batch of 20 was constructed with Belpaire fireboxes.

Although the class was augmented by 60 engines between 1900 and 1909 and another ten between 1917–18, the last five built reverted to the original 1889 specification.

Ownership changes[edit]

It is a tribute to the soundness, usefulness and simple practicality of Aspinall's design that 300 of the class passed into the ownership of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) and around 50 were operating in British Railways (BR) service in summer 1960. British Railways took ownership of 235 of the class in 1948 and renumbered them 52088-52529 (with gaps) by the addition of 40000 to their LMS numbers.[3]

Preservation[edit]

One locomotive, 1896-built L&YR number 1300 (later LMS 12322 and BR 52322) has survived and is preserved at the Embsay & Bolton Abbey Steam Railway.

The rebuild[edit]

The rebuild of the Class 27 was the L&YR Class 28, designed by George Hughes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Longworth, Hugh ( 2005 ) British Railway Steam Locomotives 1948-1968, p. 162, ISBN 978-0-86093-593-3
  2. ^ Ransome-Wallis, P ( 1966 ) The Last Steam Locomotives of British Railways, p. 39, ISBN 0-7110-0475-7
  3. ^ Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives, 1948 edition, part 3, pp 42-43
  • Herring, Peter (2000) Classic British Steam Locomotives, Enderby: Abbeydale, p. 192, ISBN 1-86147-057-6
  • Hall, Peter & Fox, Peter (2002) Preserved Locomotives of British Railways, Platform 5: Sheffield, ISBN 1-902336-30-5

External links[edit]