L'Île-des-Pins

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L'Île-des-Pins
Baie de Saint-Joseph in L'Île-des-Pins.
Baie de Saint-Joseph in L'Île-des-Pins.
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
Coordinates: 22°37′00″S 167°29′00″E / 22.6167°S 167.4833°E / -22.6167; 167.4833Coordinates: 22°37′00″S 167°29′00″E / 22.6167°S 167.4833°E / -22.6167; 167.4833
Country France
Sui generis collectivity New Caledonia
Province South Province
Government
 • Mayor Hilarion Vendegou
Area
 • Land1 152.3 km2 (58.8 sq mi)
Population (2004 census)
 • Population2 1,840
 • Population2 density 12/km2 (31/sq mi)
Ethnic distribution
 • 1996 census Kanaks 93.9%
Europeans 4.9%
Polynesians 0.7%
Other 0.5%
INSEE/Postal code 98809 / 98832
Elevation 0–262 m (0–860 ft)
(avg. 20 m or 66 ft)

1 New Caledonia Land Register (DITTT) data, which exclude lakes and ponds larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

L'Île-des-Pins is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. L'Île-des-Pins is made up of the Isle of Pines, the smaller Kôtomo Island, and several islets around these two, as well as the distant island of Walpole, which is located almost 150 km (93 mi) to the east. The Isle of Pines and adjacent islands are located to the south of New Caledonia's mainland. The settlement of Vao, on the Isle of Pines, is the administrative centre of the commune of L'Île-des-Pins.

L'Île-des-Pins is one of the main tourist attractions in New Caledonia. The Isle of Pines itself is nicknamed l'île la plus proche du paradis ("the closest island to Paradise"). L'Île-des-Pins can be reached by boat or plane from Nouméa, the capital of New Caledonia. It is renowned for the intense blue colors of its waters and for the ancient pine tree groves spread throughout the Isle of Pines and the neighboring islands.

After the Paris Commune (1871), about 2,800 Parisian insurgents were deported to L'Île-des-Pins, a part of whose territory was turned into a penal settlement where the convicts lived for several years.

In 2005 L'Île-des-Pins gained attention when season 5 of French reality show Les Aventuriers de Koh-Lanta ("The Adventurers of Koh Lanta"), the French version of Survivor, was set on several small islands off the Isle of Pines.

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