L'Albenc

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
L'Albenc
L'Albenc village
L'Albenc village
Coat of arms of L'Albenc
Coat of arms
L'Albenc is located in France
L'Albenc
L'Albenc
Coordinates: 45°13′33″N 5°26′28″E / 45.2258°N 5.4411°E / 45.2258; 5.4411Coordinates: 45°13′33″N 5°26′28″E / 45.2258°N 5.4411°E / 45.2258; 5.4411
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Grenoble
Canton Canton of Vinay
Intercommunality Chambaran Vinay Vercors
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Ghislaine Zamora
Area1 9.86 km2 (3.81 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,091
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 38004 / 38470
Elevation 170–415 m (558–1,362 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

L'Albenc is a French commune in the Isère department in the Rhône-Alpes region of southeastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Albinois, or Albinoises[1]

Geography[edit]

The commune lies in a straight line some 25 kilometres west by north-west of Grenoble, 20 kilometres south-west of Voiron and 40 kilometres northeast of Romans-sur-Isere in the lower Gresivaudan valley. The highest point of the commune is at 437 metres overlooking the hamlets of Chapuisière and Pierre Brun. The lowest point is on the banks of the Isère at 170 metres. The main peaks in the commune are the Malan (373 metres) just south of the town, Mount Larron (384 metres), and the Côte Belle peaking at 437 metres.[2]

The commune lies on the opposite side of the mountains from Grenoble so can not be reached directly from there. The A49 autoroute from Saint-Quentin-sur-Isère in the north-east passes south-west through the eastern part of the commune and continues towards Romans-sur-Isère in the south-west. There is however no exit to the commune from this autoroute and access is by road D1092 from Vinay in the south-west passing north-east through the town and continuing north by north-east to Tullins. The D35 road also goes from the village south-east over a tortuous mountain route eventually joining the D531 road in the south. There are many small roads covering the whole commune which is mixed forest with some farmland. In addition to the town there is the village of Riquetiere in the south on the right bank of the Isère. A railway line passes through the commune from Vinay in the south and passes through a tunnel to exit the commune in the north-east. There is no station in the commune with the nearest station being at Vinay.[3]

The south-western border of the commune is the Isère river although there is a small portion of the commune on the left bank.The Leze stream rises in the north of the commune and passes through the village before turning east to join the Isere. The Fosse des Mortes also flows into the Isere in the north-east of the commune. The Versoud flows into the Isère from the part of the commune on the left bank.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

L'Albenc appeared in the forms: Albencium in the 14th century and Albenco in 1497.

Several theories attempt to explain the origin of the name of this commune. Albenc could be an alteration of the word Alpenc which is from the Alps whose name came from the 1st century BC and which came from a Celtic or pre-Celtic root alp designating a height or a mountain. The alternation between B and P is fairly common, Alpenc would then become Albenc. The suffix -enc is of Ligurian origin and designates proximity or membership. So the construction Alb-enc would literally say "near the mountain".

A second hypothesis refers to the Occitan albenc meaning "incandescent" or "shining white" from the Latin albus meaning "white". This would be after the colour of snow which at the time could cover the surrounding mountains or alternatively the sand which is the foundation of the village.[4][5] Most likely the shade of the white poplars (alba in Occitan) on the banks of the Isere.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of L'Albenc
Blazon:

Gules, a Tau azure with 3 castles embattled tower and door argent masoned in sable 2 and 1, in chief the Arial letters L'ALBENC the same.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of L'Albenc[6]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Albert Buisson SE
2014 2020 Ghislaine Zamora

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,091 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,061 1,086 1,112 1,186 1,094 1,332 1,323 1,382 1,335
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,218 1,156 1,145 1,005 929 881 903 881 901
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
851 887 836 724 833 773 740 680 707
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
679 705 653 751 895 991 1,059 1,091 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of L'Albenc

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • The Chateau de l'Alba (or Albe or Montravel) (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg has been classed as a historical monument since 28 December 1978.[7] Built on a rocky outcrop and exposed on the south side, this 15th century building, renovated and rebuilt in the 18th century was listed as a historical monument due to its façades and roofs, terraces with their retaining walls, a dining room with a fountain, the cellar-level kitchen, the large living room on the ground floor, and the northwest room. It reflects the architecture used for the construction of these noble houses flanked by corner towers as there are many in Isère. The chateau was built by the Châtelet family in 1578, who were the owners of the fortified chateau of Poliénas, thanks to 60,000 gold florins that they received as compensation for the dismantling of that castle ordered by Gordes since it posed a threat to the region as it was susceptible to attack by the Protestants. The chateau still belongs to the descendants of this family - the Annoux family.
  • The Châteauneuf de l'Albenc was razed in 1578 by the Catholics during the Wars of religion to subdue this region which had a the Protestant majority. There remains today only a few observable traces.
  • The Chateau of Peccatière was destroyed in the 1970s.
  • The Old Courthouse
  • Medieval houses
  • The Church contains a Bronze Bell (1511)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[8]

Transport[edit]

The town is accessible by the D1092 road that connects the towns of Romans-sur-Isère and Moirans. The A49 autoroute that runs through the commune has an exit near to Vinay.

Intercommunal Transport[edit]

Inter-Urban Transport via the Transisère network from the General Council of Isere gathers together all operators. L'Albenc is also served by the following routes: VIN04: Cognin-les-Gorges ↔ Rovon ↔ St. Gervais ↔ Vinay CSA08: Saint-Marcellin ↔ Tullins ↔ La Côte-Saint-André Mar13: Poliénas ↔ ↔ The Albenc Vinay ↔ Saint-Marcellin VIN08: Chantesse ↔ ↔ The Albenc Vinay 5200: Saint-Marcellin ↔ Moirans ↔ Grenoble SJM03: Saint-Gervais ↔ Poliénas ↔ Saint-Jean-de-Moirans

Rail transport[edit]

L'Albenc does not have a railway station, so people wishing to join the TER regional rapid transport rail network can go to the following stations: On line No. 61 TER Rhône-Alpes (Grenoble-Valence) - Vinay (4 km from L'Ablenc) - Poliénas (7.5 km from L'Ablenc)

Education[edit]

A school provides public primary education in l'Albenc. During the 2009-2010 school year 148 students were enrolled, 52 in kindergarten and 96 primary students. The pupils were divided into six classes. Secondary education is not provided on the communal territory - the nearest College is the Joseph Chassigneux College at Vinay. The commune is part of the Academic District of Grenoble.

The town school is managed by the Inspector-General of the Departmental Inspectorate of National Education 1, rue Joseph Chanrion at Grenoble.[9]

Ecosystem[edit]

Walnut trees at L'Albenc

L'Ablenc has part of its territory classified and protected as a Site of Community Importance(ZNIEFF):

ZNIEFF type 1

"Dry Grass and rocks of Verdun" - this area covers the town of Albenc and Poliénas. This space is remarkable due to the presence of many protected and endangered orchid species. They were able to develop in soil covered with dried grass after the use of land by traditional single annual mowing or ranching.[10]

ZNIEFF type 2

"Functional area of the Isère River downstream of Meylan" - this area includes all territories of l'Ablenc that border the Isere. Despite water quality undermined by pollution from various industries located along the lower reaches of the Isere, this area has a very rich fauna and flora. This is due to the different ecosystems that can be found along the river, sometimes consisting of wetlands and also dry balmes. In terms of wildlife, the main mammals that can be seen are the Southwestern water voles and European beavers. As for birds: the family of herons is well represented with many other birds living in the area such as the European bee-eater, the Eurasian Penduline Tit etc. In addition, the classification of this area as ZNIEFF type 2 is to better preserve the environment and is part of a broader plan to restore the water quality conducted by the Director of Planning and water management for the Rhône-Mediterranean-Corsica basin.[11]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Jean Vinay (1907-1978), painter
  • Jean Gabriel Marchand (10 December 1765 - 12 November 1851), French general of the armies of the Republic and of the Empire.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Isère (French)
  2. ^ Geographic map: Fonds IGN Scan 25 (C), scale 1/25,000
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ André Plank. The origin of names of communes of Isère, Bourg-d'Oisans: L'atelier, 2006. ISBN 2-84424-043-7 (French)
  5. ^ Official website for l'Albenc (French)
  6. ^ List of Mayors of L'Albenc
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00117115 Chateau de l'Alba (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM38000001 Bronze Bell (French)
  9. ^ Academic Inspection of Isère (French)
  10. ^ DIREN Rhône-Alpes, ZNIEFF Inventory update in Rhône-Alpes : Notice No. 38160015 (French)
  11. ^ DIREN Rhône-Alpes, ZNIEFF Inventory Update on Rhône-Alpes, Notice No. 3816