Location within Quebec TE.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 1, 2006|
|• Mayor||Émile Loranger|
|• Federal riding||Louis-Saint-Laurent|
|• Prov. riding||La Peltrie|
|• Total||7.70 km2 (2.97 sq mi)|
|• Land||7.63 km2 (2.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,193.6/km2 (5,681/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||1.4%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
L'Ancienne-Lorette is a city in central Quebec, Canada. It is a suburb of and an enclave within Quebec City. It was merged with Quebec City on January 1, 2002 as part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, but after a 2004 referendum it was reconstituted as a separate city on January 1, 2006.
Its history dates back to 1674 when a group of Hurons fleeing war with the Iroquois settled here under the protection of the French. They left after a few decades and French settlers took over the land.
Its history starts with the colony started by Jesuit Pierre Chaumonot (1611–1693) in 1674 when he built a chapel for Hurons. Following his third and final trip to the shrine of Loreto in Italy, Chaumonot was cured of a terrible headache and in gratitude, the colony was placed under the patronage of Our Lady of the Annunciation, but commonly called Lorette.
In 1697, the Hurons left in search of better land for hunting and fishing. Thereafter the place became known as Vieille-Lorette ("Old Loreto") or Ancienne-Lorette ("Former Loreto"), because they christened the new place where they settled as Nouvelle-Lorette ("New Loreto") or Jeune-Lorette ("Young Loreto"), which roughly corresponds to Loretteville today. A year later in 1698, the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation was established.
In 1948, the place was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. In 1967, it gained town status and was renamed to the original name L'Ancienne-Lorette in order to distinguish it from a namesake village in the Lac-Saint-Jean region.
Until 1971, L'Ancienne-Lorette was the gateway to Quebec's International Airport (and therefore used to be known as L'Ancienne-Lorette Airport), but that year the rural section of the town (including the airport) were annexed by Sainte-Foy.
On January 1, 2002, L'Ancienne-Lorette was merged with Quebec City as part of a province-wide municipal reorganization and became part of the Laurentien borough of that city. After a 2004 referendum it became an independent city again on January 1, 2006.
According to the Canada 2006 Census:
- Population: 16,516
- % Change (2001–2006): +3.7
- Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 7075 (total dwellings: 7183)
- Area (km²): 7.63 km²
- Density (persons per km²): 2,163.7
- Mother tongue:
- English as first language: 1.5%
- French as first language: 97.4%
- English and French as first language: 0.2%
- Other as first language: 0.9%
- Population in 2011: 16745 (2006 to 2011 population change: 1.4%)
- Population in 2006: 16,516
- Population in 2001: 15,929
- Population in 1996: 15,895
- Population in 1991: 15,242
In 2006, L'Ancienne-Lorette was 98.9% White, 0.3% Aboriginal, and 0.8% Visible Minorities.
Notable people born in L'Ancienne-Lorette
- "L'Ancienne-Lorette (ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: L'Ancienne-Lorette
- Statistics Canada 2011 Census - L'Ancienne-Lorette census profile
- Statistics Canada 2006 Census - L'Ancienne-Lorette community profile
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March - 5 April 2004. 58.
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|Quebec City||Quebec City|