L'Enfant Plaza (WMATA station)

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L'Enfant Plaza
Washington Metro rapid transit station
L'Enfant Plaza upper level, facing outbound.jpg
Station statistics
Address 600 Maryland Avenue, Southwest
Washington, D.C. 20024
690 Virginia Avenue SW (VRE)
Line(s)

Metro:

Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Connections

Railway line Virginia Railway Express:

at L'Enfant
Bus transport Metrobus: 5A, 52, 54, 74, A9, A42, A46, A48, V5, V7, V8, W9
Bus transport MTA Maryland Commuter Bus
Bus transport Loudoun County Commuter Bus
Bus transport OmniRide Commuter
Structure type Underground
Levels 2
Platforms 2 side platforms (upper level)
1 island platform (lower level)
Tracks 4 (2 upper level, 2 lower level)
Other information
Opened July 1, 1977 (WMATA)
1992 (VRE)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code F03 (upper level)
D03 (lower level)
Owned by Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Fare zone Zone 1 (VRE)
Traffic
Passengers (2011) 6.524 million[1] Increase 2%
Services
Preceding station   WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro   Following station
Green Line
toward Greenbelt
toward Huntington
Yellow Line
toward Fort Totten
Blue Line
toward Vienna
Orange Line
Silver Line
Virginia Railway Express
Manassas Line
Terminus
Fredericksburg Line

L'Enfant Plaza is a Washington Metro station in the Southwest Federal Center neighborhood of Washington, D.C., United States. The station was opened on July 1, 1977, and is operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). It is a transfer station, with two levels: the upper level has two side platforms and is used by the Green and Yellow Lines, while the lower level has an island platform used by the Blue, Orange, and Silver Lines.[2] It is also where the Yellow and Green lines converge going north. The station serves five out of the system's six lines, the most out of any station in the system. Only the Red Line does not serve the station.

L'Enfant Plaza is the last station in the District on the Yellow Line before crossing the Potomac into Virginia on the 14th Street Bridge.

VRE station[edit]

L'Enfant VRE station

Directly above the Metro station, on Virginia Avenue between 6th and 7th Streets, is the Virginia Railway Express L'Enfant station, which provides commuter rail service both to Fredericksburg and to Manassas Regional Airport in Bristow. Numerous Amtrak trains pass through this station, most without stopping. There is one side platform on the north side of the station with 3 tracks passing through.[3] There are walkways on each side of the station that lead to 6th and 7th Streets respectively.[3]

Location[edit]

While ascending the escalator, street performers are often seen and heard outside the station's entrance.
Sign at the street-level entrance to the Metro station

The station is located in Southwest Washington, with entrances at the L'Enfant Plaza shopping mall concourse at 9th and D Streets, on D Street between 6th and 7th Streets, and at Maryland Avenue and 7th Street. It is in the center of an area crowded with federal buildings and is a transfer point allowing passengers to easily cross the Potomac between Virginia and central Washington, making it a very busy station. L'Enfant Plaza is named for the French-American planner of Washington, D.C., Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant.[4]

History[edit]

Station entrance pylon

The station opened on July 1, 1977.[5] Its opening coincided with the completion of 11.8 miles (19.0 km)[6] of rail between National Airport and RFK Stadium and the opening of the Arlington Cemetery, Capitol South, Crystal City, Eastern Market, Farragut West, Federal Center SW, Federal Triangle, Foggy Bottom–GWU, McPherson Square, National Airport, Pentagon, Pentagon City, Potomac Avenue, Rosslyn, Smithsonian and Stadium–Armory stations.[7] Orange Line service to the station began upon the line's opening on November 20, 1978;[8] Yellow Line service to the station began upon the line's opening on April 30, 1983;[9] and Green Line service to the station began upon the line's opening on May 11, 1991.[10] This makes the station unique in that the lower level island platform opened before the upper level side platforms.

Notable nearby locations[edit]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit / Entrance
B1 Mezzanine/VRE station One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
Side platform
Westbound Manassas Line toward Broad Run/Airport, Fredericksburg Line toward Fredericksburg (Crystal City)
Manassas Line/Fredericksburg Line toward Union Station (Terminus)
Amtrak does not stop here →
Center track Manassas Line/Fredericksburg Line and Amtrak do not stop here →
Eastbound Manassas Line/Fredericksburg Line and Amtrak do not stop here →
B2
Upper platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound Green Line Green Line toward Branch Avenue (Waterfront)
Yellow Line Yellow Line toward Huntington (Pentagon)
Northbound Green Line Green Line toward Greenbelt (Archives)
Yellow Line Yellow Line toward Fort Totten (Archives)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
B3
Lower platform level
Westbound Blue Line Blue Line toward Franconia–Springfield (Smithsonian)
Orange Line Orange Line toward Vienna (Smithsonian)
Silver Line Silver Line toward Wiehle – Reston East (Smithsonian)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Eastbound Blue Line Blue Line toward Largo Town Center (Federal Center SW)
Orange Line Orange Line toward New Carrollton (Federal Center SW)
Silver Line Silver Line toward Largo Town Center (Federal Center SW)


References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighborhood profiles WDCEP Retrieved 2011-10-19
  2. ^ Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (2010). "Dulles Metrorail Project Overview". Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Google Inc. "L'Enfant Plaza (WMATA station)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&ie=UTF8&ll=38.885546,-77.021029&spn=0.000994,0.003361&t=h&z=19. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
  4. ^ L'Enfant identified himself as "Peter Charles L'Enfant" during most of his life, while residing in the United States. He wrote this name on his "Plan of the city intended for the permanent seat of the government of t(he) United States ...." (Washington, D.C.) and on other legal documents. However, during the early 1900s, a French ambassador to the U.S., Jean Jules Jusserand, popularized the use of L'Enfant's birth name, "Pierre Charles L'Enfant". (Reference: Bowling, Kenneth R (2002). Peter Charles L'Enfant: vision, honor, and male friendship in the early American Republic. George Washington University, Washington, D.C. ISBN 978-0-9727611-0-9). The United States Code states in 40 U.S.C. 3309: "(a) In General.—The purposes of this chapter shall be carried out in the District of Columbia as nearly as may be practicable in harmony with the plan of Peter Charles L'Enfant." The National Park Service identifies L'Enfant as Major Peter Charles L'Enfant and as Major Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant on its website.
  5. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (July 1, 1977), "Today, Metro could be U.S. model", The Washington Post: A1 
  6. ^ Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (July 2009). "Sequence of Metrorail openings". Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  7. ^ Staff Reporters (June 24, 1977), "Metro's newest stations: Where they are, what's nearby", The Washington Post 
  8. ^ Eisen, Jack; John Feinstein (November 18, 1978), "City-County fanfare opens Orange Line; Ceremonies open new Orange Line", The Washington Post: D1 
  9. ^ Lynton, Stephen J. (April 25, 1983), "Trans-Potomac subway segment to open Saturday", The Washington Post: B1 
  10. ^ Fehr, Stephen C. (May 5, 1991), "Going was tough, but Green gets going", The Washington Post: D1 

External links[edit]

Media related to L'Enfant Plaza (Washington Metro) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 38°53′05″N 77°01′19″W / 38.884775°N 77.021964°W / 38.884775; -77.021964