L'Ordine Nuovo

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Not to be confused with Ordine Nuovo.

L'Ordine Nuovo (Italian for "The New Order") was a weekly newspaper established in 1919 in Turin, Italy, by a group, including Antonio Gramsci, Angelo Tasca and Palmiro Togliatti, within the Italian Socialist Party. The group were admirers of the Russian Revolution and strongly supported the immediate creation of soviets in Italy. They believed that existing factory councils of workers could be strengthened so that they could become the basis of a communist revolution.[1] However, Amadeo Bordiga, who would become the founder of the Communist Party of Italy, criticised the plan as syndicalism, saying that soviets should only be created after Italy had come under communist control.[2]

Initially the newspaper, which was founded with union backing, focused on cultural politics, but in June 1919, the month following its founding, Gramsci and Togliatti pushed Tasca out and re-focused as a revolutionary voice.[3] The newspaper reached a circulation of 6,000 by the end of the year and its reputation was heightened by its support of the April 1920 general strike, which the Socialist Party and the affiliated General Confederation of Labor did not support.[4] In January 1921, Bordiga and the supporters of L'Ordine Nuovo left the Socialist Party in order to establish the new Communist Party of Italy.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lindemann, p. 56
  2. ^ Lindemann, p. 58
  3. ^ Bellamy, pp. xviii-xix
  4. ^ Bellamy, p. xix
  5. ^ Bellamy, p. xxv

References[edit]

  • Bellamy, Richard Paul (Ed.). Antonio Gramsci: pre-prison writings Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994 ISBN 0-521-42307-4
  • Lindemann, Albert S. The Red years: European socialism versus bolshevism, 1919-1921. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974 ISBN 0-520-02511-3