L. B. Hanna

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Louis B. Hanna
LouisBHanna.jpg
11th Governor of North Dakota
In office
January 8, 1913 – January 3, 1917
Lieutenant Anton Kraabel
John H. Fraine
Preceded by John Burke
Succeeded by Lynn Frazier
Personal details
Born August 9, 1861
New Brighton, Pennsylvania
Died April 23, 1948 (aged 86)
Fargo, North Dakota
Political party Republican
Religion Lutheran

Louis Benjamin Hanna (August 9, 1861 – April 23, 1948) was the eleventh Governor of the state of North Dakota.

Biography[edit]

Louis Benjamin Hanna was born in New Brighton, Beaver County, Pennsylvania. His parents, Jason R. and Margaret Hanna died when he was a small boy, leaving him to be raised by his aunts. Louis Hanna grew up and received his education in Massachusetts and New York. He came to the Dakota Territory in 1881 with his brother, Robert C. Hanna and began farming near what is now Hope, North Dakota. He was married on November 18, 1888, to Lottie L. Thatcher and they had four children.[1]

Career[edit]

He sold his land in 1882 and moved to Page where he began his career as a businessman. He started a retail lumber company, then expanded into grain handling. Soon he needed banking facilities, so he opened a private bank at Page. The bank became a state bank, then became the First National Bank of Page, with Hanna as the president.

From 1895 to 1897, Hanna served in the North Dakota House of Representatives. Hanna moved to Fargo in 1899, serving as vice president of the First National Bank of Fargo.[2] Hanna took on the North Dakota Senate from 1897 to 1901, and again from 1905 to 1909, representing the Fargo district this time.

In 1908, Louis Hanna was elected to represent North Dakota in the United States House of Representatives where he served two terms, from 1909 to 1913. Without any lapse between positions, he became the eleventh Governor of North Dakota in 1913. The four years in Bismarck as Governor of North Dakota were largely spent attacking the $300,000 debt inherited by Hanna upon assuming office. At the end of four years, the entire amount was paid off; in addition, the bonded debt of nearly one million dollars was reduced to $462,000. A teacher's retirement and insurance fund was created and an inheritance tax law was sanctioned.[3]

During Hanna's term the governor, his family, and a committee went to Norway. On July 4, 1914 at Christiania (Oslo), they presented the people of Norway with a statue of Abraham Lincoln. The statue, by North Dakota sculptor Paul Fjelde, is located in Frogner Park in Oslo.

Legacy and death[edit]

King Haakon VII decorated Gov. Hanna as a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav of the First Rank.Governor Hanna served as chairman of the Liberty Loan drives in 1917 and 1918. During World War I he served in France as a captain in the American Red Cross. He was cited as an officer of the French Legion of Honor by the French government. Hanna continued his business interests in agriculture, banking, and other enterprises until his retirement. In 1924, Louis Hanna handled presidential campaign of Calvin Coolidge in North Dakota. He died in 1948, aged 86, in Fargo, North Dakota.[4] [5][6] He is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Fargo, Cass County, North Dakota USA.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "L. B. Hanna". Soylent Communications. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "L. B. Hanna". Soylent Communications. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "L. B. Hanna". National Governors Association. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  4. ^ North Dakota Governors - Louis B. Hanna
  5. ^ Guide to Research Collections
  6. ^ Manuscripts by Subject - Business / Commerce
  7. ^ "L. B. Hanna". Find A Grave. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 3 (Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978)
  • Rice, Charles Elmer A History of the Hanna Family (Damascus, Ohio, A. Pim & son. 1905)

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas Frank Marshall
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's 1st congressional district

1909–1913
Succeeded by
Henry Thomas Helgesen
Political offices
Preceded by
John Burke
Governor of North Dakota
1913–1917
Succeeded by
Lynn Frazier