L. P. Hartley
|L. P. Hartley|
|Born||Leslie Poles Hartley
30 December 1895
|Died||13 December 1972
|Genres||Novel, short story|
|Notable work(s)||Eustace and Hilda,
|Notable award(s)||James Tait Black Memorial Prize
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Leslie Poles Hartley CBE (30 December 1895 – 13 December 1972), known as L. P. Hartley, was a British novelist and short story writer. His best-known novels are the Eustace and Hilda trilogy (1947) and The Go-Between (1953). The latter was made into a 1970 film, directed by Joseph Losey with a star cast, in an adaptation by Harold Pinter. Its opening sentence, "The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there", has become almost proverbial.
Leslie Poles Hartley was born on 30 December 1895 in Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire, where he lived with his parents, Bessie and Harry Hartley, and his two sisters, Enid and Annie Norah. He then moved to an estate near Peterborough with his family. He was educated in Cliftonville, Thanet, then briefly at Clifton College, where he first met Clifford Henry Benn Kitchin, and at Harrow School. In 1915 he went up to Balliol College, Oxford, to read modern history. There he befriended Aldous Huxley.
In 1916 he joined the British Army. He was commissioned as an officer in the Norfolk Regiment in February 1917, but for health reasons never left the United Kingdom. Invalided out, he returned to Oxford University in 1919, where he gathered a number of literary friends, including David Cecil.
His work was published in Oxford Poetry in 1920 and 1922. He edited Oxford Outlook, with Gerald Howard and A. B. B. Valentine in 1920, and in 1921 with Basil Murray and Christopher Hollis also. At this time he was introduced by Huxley to Lady Ottoline Morrell. Kitchin, who was at Oxford also, introduced him to the Asquiths; Cynthia Asquith became a lifelong friend. Despite being named after Leslie Stephen, Hartley always belonged to the Asquith milieu, and was rebuffed by the Bloomsbury group.
Success came with having his first writing published and becoming a reviewer after his Oxford degree. Though this gave him rapid social elevation it brought him limited happiness, and in 1922 he suffered a nervous breakdown. Soon afterwards he started spending much time in Venice; he continued to do so for many years.
Until the success of The Go-Between he gained little commercial recognition. He was, nevertheless, awarded the 1947 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for Eustace and Hilda, and in 1956 he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).
List of works
- Night Fears (1924), short stories
- Simonetta Perkins (1925)
- The Killing Bottle (1932), short stories
- The Shrimp and the Anemone (1944), Eustace and Hilda Trilogy I
- The West Window (1945)
- The Sixth Heaven (1946), Eustace and Hilda Trilogy II
- Eustace and Hilda (1947), Eustace and Hilda Trilogy III
- The Travelling Grave and Other Stories (1948), short stories
- The Boat (1949)
- My Fellow Devils (1951)
- The Go-Between (1953)
- The White Wand and Other Stories (1954), short stories
- A Perfect Woman (1955)
- The Hireling (1957)
- Facial Justice (1960)
- Two for the River (1961), short stories
- The Brickfield (1964)
- The Betrayal (1966)
- Essays by Divers Hands, Volume XXXIV (1966), editor
- The Novelist's Responsibility (1967), essays
- Poor Clare (1968)
- The Collected Short Stories of L. P. Hartley (1968)
- The Love-Adept: A Variation on a Theme (1969)
- My Sisters' Keeper (1970)
- Mrs. Carteret Receives (1971), short stories
- The Harness Room (1971)
- The Collections: A Novel (1972)
- The Will and the Way (1973)
- The Complete Short Stories of L. P. Hartley (1973)
- The Collected Macabre Stories (2001)
- Peter Bien, L. P. Hartley (1963)
- A. Mulkeen, Wild Thyme, Winter Lightning: The Symbolic Novels of L. P. Hartley (1974)
- E. T. Jones, L. P. Hartley (1978)
- J. Sullivan, Elegant Nightmares: The English Ghost Story from Le Fanu to Blackwood (1978) [Incl. critique of Hartley's ghost stories]
- A. Wright, Foreign Country: The Life of L. P. Hartley (1996)
- S. T. Joshi, "L.P. Hartley: The Refined Ghost" in The Evolution of the Weird Tale NY: Hippocampus Press (2004), 64-74.
- London Gazette Issue 29956 published on the 20 February 1917. Page 11
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