Accuracy International AWM

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from L115A3)
Jump to: navigation, search
Accuracy International AWM
L115A3 side.jpg
British Armed Forces AW338, designated L115A3
Type Sniper rifle
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1996–present
Used by See Users
Wars Afghanistan War, Iraq War
Production history
Manufacturer Accuracy International
Specifications
Weight 6.5 kg (14.3 lb) (.300 Winchester Magnum)
6.9 kg (15.1 lb) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
with stock, bipod and empty magazine
Length 1200 mm (47.2 in) (.300 Win. Mag.)
1230 mm (48.4 in) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
Barrel length 660 mm (26 in) (.300 Win. Mag.)
686 mm (27 in) (.338 Lapua Magnum)

Cartridge .300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
Action Bolt-action
Effective firing range 1,100 m (1,203 yd) (.300 Winchester Magnum)
1,500 m (1,640 yd) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
Feed system 5-round detachable box magazine
Sights detachable aperture type iron sights
day or night optics

The Accuracy International AWM (Arctic Warfare Magnum) is a bolt-action sniper rifle manufactured by Accuracy International designed for magnum rifle cartridge chamberings. The Accuracy International AWM is also unofficially known as the AWSM (Arctic Warfare Super Magnum), which typically denotes AWM rifles chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum.

On 25 September 2012 Accuracy International announced on their company website that the AWM .338 Lapua Magnum rifle is being phased out and replaced by the Accuracy International AX338 rifle.[1]

Arctic Warfare Magnum system[edit]

The Accuracy International AWM rifle is a variant of the British Accuracy International Arctic Warfare (AW) rifle that was the basis of a family of sniper rifles using the Arctic Warfare name. As such the design details of the AWM variant are similar to the ones found in the basic AW rifle system. Compared to the AW, the AWM has a longer bolt to accommodate dimensionally larger magnum-length cartridges such as the .300 Winchester Magnum and the .338 Lapua Magnum. The bolt head, locking ring, and extractor and magazines were also revised to work with the increased size and operating pressures of magnum rifle cartridges.

The AWM features a detachable single stack removable box magazine which holds five rounds. The normal cartridges for this rifle, and the ones which have been accepted by NATO for use in AWM rifles, are .300 Winchester Magnum and .338 Lapua Magnum.

Muzzle brakes are fitted to reduce recoil, jump and flash and act as a base for optional iron sights and suppressors.

Normally, the AWMs are outfitted with a Schmidt & Bender PM II 10×42/MILITARY MK II 10×42 telescopic sight with 10× fixed power of magnification. However, a Schmidt & Bender PM II/MILITARY MK II with variable magnification of either 3–12×50, 4–16×50 or 5–25×56 can be used if the operator wants more flexibility to shoot at varying ranges, or when a wide field of view is required. Accuracy International actively promotes fitting the German made Schmidt & Bender PM II/MILITARY MK II product line as sighting components on their rifles, which is rare for a rifle manufacturer. The German and Russian Army preferred a telescopic sight made by Zeiss[2] over Accuracy International's preference.

The AWM rifle is normally supplied in a metal transit case together with a telescopic sight, mount, butt spacers, bipod, spare magazines, sling, cleaning and tool kits.

Magnum chamberings[edit]

.300 Winchester Magnum[edit]

The .300 Winchester Magnum (7.62x67mm) cartridge was designed as a magnum hunting cartridge and offers a flatter trajectory and a significant increase in muzzle velocity, wind resistance and supersonic range over the dimensionally smaller 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. The ability of the .300 Winchester Magnum chambering to obtain fairly high muzzle velocities combined with their diameter or caliber relatively heavy and long very-low-drag bullets significantly enhance the hit probability at longer ranges and hence the effective range compared to the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. For precision shooting, the Federal Gold Medal Match grade is the most commonly used ammunition.[citation needed]

The AWM chambered for the .300 Winchester Magnum is fitted with a fluted, stainless steel barrel that is 660 mm (26") long for optimum muzzle velocity and nominal weight. The .300 Winchester Magnum barrel features a non-traditional 279.4 mm (1:11 in) right-hand twist rate.

.338 Lapua Magnum[edit]

A Dutch ISAF sniper team displaying their Accuracy International AWM .338 Lapua Magnum rifle and Leica/Vectronix VECTOR IV laser rangefinder binoculars.

The AWM in the .338 Lapua Magnum (8.6 x 70 mm) calibre was designed as a dedicated long range sniper rifle combining the maneuverability of rifles chambered in 7.62x51 mm NATO with the greater power and range of the .50 BMG cartridge.

Compared to most .50 calibre rifles, the AWM offers considerably less rifle weight, recoil, muzzle flash, smoke and report.[citation needed] Although the .338 Lapua Magnum delivers less kinetic energy to the target compared with the .50 BMG, both cartridges have similar trajectories, resistance to wind drift and penetration, while the .338 Lapua Magnum unquestionably outperforms the 7.62x51 mm NATO and .300 Winchester Magnum, especially at ranges beyond 800 metres (875 yd) and 1,100 metres (1,203 yd). AWM rifles in .338 Lapua Magnum can also be deployed against unarmoured hard targets, including armoured glass.

The AWM .338 Lapua Magnum is fitted with a stainless steel, fluted, 686 mm (27") barrel, which research has found to be the best compromise between muzzle velocity on the one hand, and weight and length on the other. The rifle's barrel has an unconventional 279 mm (1:11 in) right-hand twist rate, optimized for firing .338-calibre very-low-drag bullets up to 16.85 g (260 gr). When the AWM .338 Lapua Magnum was developed military issue cartridges were loaded with 16.2 g (250 gr) very-low-drag bullets. Longer, heavier very-low-drag bullets like the Sierra HPBT MatchKing .338-calibre 19.44 g (300 gr) and the 21st century 19.44 gram (300 grain) .338-calibre HPBT Scenar can be used, but require a 254 mm (1:10 in) twist rate to stabilize them under high air density conditions as found on arctic coasts.[3]

A limitation of AWM rifles is that .338 Lapua Magnum cartridges loaded to the Commission Internationale Permanente pour l'Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives (C.I.P.) maximum allowed overall length of 93.50 mm (3.681 in) do not fit in the magazine due to a lack of internal magazine length. The reason for this limitation is that the AWM bolt action was initially developed for dimensionally smaller cartridges and then modified for the .338 Lapua Magnum chambering.[4] Ammunition manufacturers produce .338 Lapua Magnum military issue cartridges loaded with 16.2 g (250 gr) very-low-drag bullets (overall length ≤ 91.44 mm / 3.600 in) that fit in the 91.50 mm (3.602 in) long AWM magazines. As long as .338 Lapua Magnum cartridges that fit in the magazines are used, the AWM rifles can be used as repeating rifles instead of single shot rifles.

To address .338 Lapua Magnum ammunition length limitations of the AWM Accuracy International has since developed the AX338 long range rifle as the AWM successor model. Compared to the AWM, the bolt action of the AX338 is longer and wider and the internal magazine is lengthened, allowing the unimpaired use of .338 Lapua Magnum cartridges loaded to the C.I.P. (Permanent International Commission for the Proof of Firearms Portable) maximum allowed overall length of 93.50 mm (3.681 in). Further the AX338 has a 238 mm (1:9.375 in) twist rate to adequately stabilize longer, heavier .338 caliber very-low-drag projectile designs that became more common in the 21st century.[5][6]

Ammunition types currently available for the .338 Lapua Magnum are FMJ, hollow point, Armor Piercing (AP) and Armor Piercing Incendiary (API).

Longest confirmed sniper kill[edit]

A British sniper (center) carrying his L115A3 Long Range Rifle with attached suppressor.

In November 2009, British Army sniper Corporal of Horse (CoH) Craig Harrison, a member of the Household Cavalry, set what is still the record for longest recorded sniper kill by killing two Taliban machine gunners consecutively south of Musa Qala in Helmand Province in Afghanistan at a range of 2,475 m (2,707 yd) using a L115A3 Long Range Rifle.[7][8][9][10] In the reports CoH Harrison mentions the environmental conditions were perfect for long range shooting: no wind, mild weather, clear visibility.[11]

Users[edit]

Armed forces[edit]

British Armed Forces[edit]

Royal Marines with L115A1 rifles.
The L115A3 Long Range Rifle.
Schmidt & Bender 5-25x56 PM II LP telescopic sight and its adjustment controls.

The British Armed Forces adopted the AWM rifle chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum as the L115A1 Long Range Rifle. The British L115A1 rifles are outfitted with Schmidt & Bender 3-12x50 PM II/MILITARY MKII 3-12x50 0.1 MIL RAD telescopic sights. The L115A1 is in service with the Royal Marines, British Army and RAF Regiment in Afghanistan and Iraq.

In November 2007 the British Ministry of Defence (MOD) announced that their snipers in the Army, Royal Marines and RAF Regiment were to get a new rifle. Accuracy International would supply 580 L115A3 Long Range Rifles with day telescopic sights. The L115A3 is being supplied as part of a broader Sniper System Improvement Programme (SSIP) program which also includes night sights, spotting scopes, laser range finders and tripods.[25] The L115A3 rifle was first deployed to Afghanistan in May 2008.[24] Some features of the improved L115A3 include:

  • Schmidt & Bender 5-25x56 PM II LP/MILITARY MKII 5-25x56 0.1 MIL RAD parallax, illumination, double turn telescopic sights;
  • Suppressors to reduce the flash and noise signature;
  • Folding stocks for better carrying in a backpack;
  • Adjustable cheek pieces for more comfort and better eye alignment with the telescopic sight;
  • Butt spikes (monopods) to aid stability during firing;
  • Adjustable bipods, which differ from the original Accuracy International bipod;
  • 5 round box magazines.

The MOD claims a muzzle velocity of 936 m/s (3,071 ft/s) for the L115A3.[26] This implies the British military are using a high pressure load to attain this muzzle velocity. A reverse engineering simulation with QuickLOAD internal ballistic software predicted that a typical military .338 Lapua Magnum load using 16.2 g (250 gr) Lapua LockBase B408 bullets at an overall cartridge length of 91.44 mm (3.600 in) produces ≈ 460 MPa (66,833 psi) maximum piezo chamber pressure to achieve the claimed 936 m/s (3,071 ft/s) muzzle velocity.

Dutch Armed Forces[edit]

The AWM-F chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum has been introduced from 1996 by the Dutch Army’s Korps Commandotroepen snipers and the AWM is used by all long range marksmen of the 11 Luchtmobiele Brigade (airborne infantry), mechanized infantry and reconnaissance units. Recently (2007) the snipers of the Netherlands Marine Corps also received this sniper rifle. The Dutch AWM(-F) rifles are outfitted with Schmidt & Bender 10x42 PM II and 3-12x50 PM II telescopic sights. The rifles are designated as Accuracy, antipersoneel snipergeweer .338 (Accuracy anti personnel sniper rifle .338) and the Military of the Netherlands claim a maximum effective range of 1,400 m (1,531 yd) for their AWM(-F) rifles and have used these rifles in Afghanistan with great success.[18][19]

German Armed Forces[edit]

AWM-F or G22 in Bundeswehr nomenclature with attached suppressor.
Zeiss 3–12×56 SSG reticle.

Since 1998 the Bundeswehr fields an AWM-F chambered in .300 Winchester Magnum (7.62 × 67 mm in Bundeswehr nomenclature), with a 3–12×56 SSG telescopic sight made by the German company Zeiss, under the designation of G22 (for Gewehr 22) or Scharfschützengewehr 22 (sniper rifle 22). The German G22 rifles have folding stocks and emergency iron sights. For their G22 rifles the Bundeswehr claims an effective range of 1,100 m (1,203 yd).[14][15]

The German ammunition manufacturer Metallwerk Elisenhütte Nassau (MEN) has specially developed 7.62 × 67 mm ammunition for the G22.[27]

The Carl Zeiss Optronics (previously branded as Hensoldt) telescopic sight has a mil-dot reticle and a scale that enables the operator to see the dialled in elevation setting through the rifle scopes ocular. The Bundeswehr 3–12×56 SSG telescopic sight differs somewhat from the further developed 3–12×56 SSG-P telescopic sight. The Bundeswehr telescopic sight has no parallax setting option and the range scale has a setting range from 0 to 10 instead of 0 to 11 symbolizing the 11.2 milliradian elevation adjustment range shown in the current Carl Zeiss Optronics 3–12×56 SSG-P telescopic sight brochure.[28]

Royal Malaysia Police[edit]

The 69 Commandos of the Pasukan Gerakan Khas (PGK) snipers from Royal Malaysia Police using the AWM, chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum alongside the 7.62mm Accuracy International Arctic Warfare.[citation needed]

Norwegian Special Forces[edit]

The snipers in Marinejegerkommandoen and Forsvarets Spesialkommando are currently using the AWM primary weapon .338 Lapua Magnum, with Schmidt & Bender scopes.[citation needed]

Russian Alpha Group[edit]

The snipers of the Russian Alpha Group counter-terrorism unit are using the AWM-F chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum with Zeiss 3–12×56 SSG series telescopic sights.[22][23]

Singapore Army[edit]

The snipers of the Singapore Army use the AWM alongside the Accuracy International Arctic Warfare.[citation needed]

South Korean Special Forces[edit]

The 707th Special Mission BN from ROK Army and the Republic of Korea Naval Special Warfare Brigade from ROK Navy use AWM series sniper rifles chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum outfitted with Schmidt & Bender 3-12x50 PM II telescopic sights. It has some telescopic sight attachment problems.[29]

See also[edit]

Accuracy International rifles related

AI Arctic Warfare
AI AWP ('Police')
AI AWM ('Magnum')
AI AW50 ('.50 BMG')
AI AS50
Australian AW50F
Swedish Psg 90

References[edit]

  1. ^ Accuracy International website news section AW338 rifles fazed out and replaced by AX338 rifles[dead link]
  2. ^ Zeiss: Telescopic sights for handheld weapons
  3. ^ Lapua 19.44 g (300 gr) HPBT Scenar Bullet brochure
  4. ^ The New AX rifle shown at the Shot Show 2010, Las Vegas
  5. ^ AX338 .338 long range rifle
  6. ^ How it works magazine article AX338 PSR sniper rifle
  7. ^ Hotshot sniper in one-and-a-half mile double kill – The Sunday Times 2-5-2010
  8. ^ "Sniper's Taliban Shots Earn Him Place In Military Record Books –". Daily Star. 2 May 2010. 
  9. ^ Sniper kills Qaeda-from 1½ mi. away – New York Post 2-5-2010
  10. ^ "Super Sniper's World Record Kill". The Sun. 
  11. ^ "Super Sniper Kills Taliban 1.5 Miles Away" 3 May 2010 Sky News
  12. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GFWA63a0bE
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ a b G22 page at the Bundeswehr website (German)
  15. ^ a b Datasheet on the G22 (German)
  16. ^ "Kopassus & Kopaska – Specijalne Postrojbe Republike Indonezije". Hrvatski vojnik (in Croatian). Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  17. ^ Accuracy International AWM – colmoschin.it
  18. ^ a b "Special Forces – Wapens" (in Dutch). Netherlands Legermuseum: Collectie Informatie Centrum. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  19. ^ a b "Accuracy, antipersoneel snipergeweer .338" (in Dutch). Netherlands Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  20. ^ Nowe gromy GROM
  21. ^ Snipers foto
  22. ^ a b http://cripo.com.ua/?sect_id=3&aid=90616(Russian)
  23. ^ a b http://slavs.org.ua/sorevnovanie-sniperov(Russian)
  24. ^ a b L115A3 Long Range Rifle. British Army.
  25. ^ Snipers to get new longer range rifles
  26. ^ L96 Sniper Rifle and L115A3 Long Range Rifle
  27. ^ Metallwerk Elisenhütte Nassau (MEN) company website
  28. ^ Carl Zeiss Optronics 3-12x56 SSG-P telescopic sight brochure
  29. ^ 특전사 대테러부대 장거리 저격총 엉망 2012-01-25

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
McMillan Tac-50
Longest confirmed combat sniper-shot kill
2009
2,475 m (2,707 yd / 1.538 mi)
using 16.2 g (250 gr) Lapua LockBase B408 bullets by Craig Harrison
Succeeded by
current