|Carro Armato L3/33|
Italian L3/33 (CV-33), Flamethrower variant at the Bovington Tank Museum
|Place of origin||Italy|
|In service||from 1933|
|Used by||Italy, Austria, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Hungary, Nationalist Spain, Nicaragua, Iraq, and others|
|Wars||Austrian Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War, Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Spanish Civil War, Slovak–Hungarian War, Invasion of Albania, Anglo-Iraqi War, and World War II|
|Unit cost||89.890 lires in 1933|
|Number built||~ 2,000–2,500|
|Variants||L3/35, L3 cc, L3 Lf,|
|Length||3.03 m (9 ft 11 in)|
|Width||1.4 m (4 ft 7 in)|
|Height||1.2 m (3 ft 11 in)|
|Crew||2 (commander and driver)|
|Armour||6–12 mm (0.24–0.47 in)|
|1 × 6.5 mm machine gun|
|Engine||FIAT-SPA CV3 water-cooled
43 hp (32 kW)
|110 km (68 mi)|
|Speed||42 km/h (26 mph)|
The Carro Veloce CV-33 or L3/33 was a tankette originally built in 1933 and used by the Italian Army before and during World War II. It was based on the imported British Carden Loyd tankette (also license-built by Italy as the CV-29). Many CV-33s were retrofitted to meet the specifications of the CV-35 in 1935. In 1938, the CV-33 was renamed the "L3/33" while the CV-35s became known as "L3/35s."
The original CV-33 carried a two-man crew protected by 12 mm of welded armour and was armed with a single 6.5 mm machine gun.
The L3/33 saw action in China, Spain, France, the Balkans, North Africa, Italian East Africa, Italy, and Russia.
The "L3 Lf" (Lancia fiamme, "flamethrower") flame tank was another variant of the L3 tankette. Development began in 1935. The flamethrower nozzle replaced one of the machine guns, and the flame fuel was carried in an armoured trailer towed by the vehicle. Later versions had the fuel carried in a box-shaped tank mounted above the L3's engine compartment. The vehicle weighed 3.2 tons, and the armoured trailer carried 500 litres (110 gallons) of fuel. It had a range of 40 yards, though other sources report a 100 meters (330 feet) range. They were fielded in North Africa, although there is no record of them being involved in combat there.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to L3/33.|
- L3/33 (CV 33), L3/35 (CV 35) Tankettes at wwiivehicles.com
- CARRO CV 33 (L3/33) and CV 35 (L3/35) at comandosupremo.com