Parker Hale M82
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|Parker Hale M82|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Used by||See Use|
|Wars||War in Afghanistan (2001–present)|
|Specifications (Canada C3A1)|
|Weight||7.2 kg (15.9 lbs)|
|Barrel length||600mm (23.75 inches)|
|Action||M98 Bolt action|
|Muzzle velocity||840 m/s (2750 ft/s) C21 NATO ball|
|Feed system||5 round mag well, C3A1: 4 round magazine|
|Sights||block mounts for iron sights|
The Parker-Hale Model 82 (M82) is the military version of the Parker-Hale 1200TX target rifle; it was accepted for service by several nations for both military and police use. In appearance and design terms the Model 82 is an entirely conventional sniping weapon. It uses a manual bolt action the same as the classic Mauser 98 rifle, allied to a heavy free-floating barrel chambered for the 7.62x51mm NATO round. The barrel weighs 1.98 kg and is manufactured from chrome molybdenum steel. The Model 82 has an integral four round magazine and an entirely self-contained trigger unit which can be adjusted as required.
Design and features
The M82 was available in a number of forms to suit any customer requirements. Thus an adjustable cheek pad may have been provided if wanted, and the butt lengths can be altered by adding or taking away butt spacers of various thicknesses. The rifle was basically a standard target 7.62x51Nato heavy barrel Mauser 98 with a wide beaver tail target walnut stock (with inset handstop rail) and a Parker Hale trigger with its side safety mechanism. The sights were subject to several variations, but the standard Model 82 was normally supplied with removable ‘iron’ match-type sight blocks. If an optical sight is fitted the rear-sight was removed, and the front sight slid off, but the front block/post remained. Two mounting blocks were fitted to the receiver for the purpose of the fitting of optical sight mounts, supplied with the Parker Hale are the parkerized aluminium scope rings; rifles that were in service in the Australian and New Zealand armies used the Austrian Kahles Wien ZF-69 6X42 (26mm tube) drop compensation telescopic sight set in 100m increments out to 800m, with fine crosshair. Some attempts at refurbishing and rebarrelling the rifles resulted in usage of one piece scope mounts but this proved unsatisfactory. The action and barrel were originally finished by parkerizing then completed with a black rubberised style non reflecting coating.
The barrel for the Canadian C3A1 is a heavy, fully free floating barrel chambered for the 7.62x51 NATO round. It has a weight of 2.04 kg/4.5 lbs and a length of 60 cm. Rifling follows a 1:12 turn ratio with 4 right hand twists. The action is a Mauser-style rotating bolt type. It has 3 stainless steel locking lugs at the front and rear of the bolt. The C3 safety is a thumb activated lever above the magazine which locks the trigger, bolt and sear giving ultimate protection against an accidental discharge.
The standard sight on the revamped model C3A1 is an Unertl 10x zoom scope which can only be used for daytime engagements as its lacks any night vision capabilities. It has a duplex crosshair with a mil dot style scale in increments of 200m up to 1000m. It can also be used with the default iron sights. The stock for the C3A1 is one piece walnut or fibreglass stock with an internal bedding of either Devlon, Aluminum or Steel putty. The fibreglass version is called the Mcmillan A2 stock and can be painted in any camouflage scheme depending on environment.
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The Parker Hale L81A1 is a shorter version of the Parker Hale M82 rifle 7.62x51 mm (.308) rifle, adopted a cadet training rifle by the British Army and some other Commonwealth countries. It is accurate up to ranges of 600 yd (550 m) in the field and 1,000 yd (910 m) on a range with windage flags.
The Parker Hale L81A2 is a shorter version of the Parker Hale M82 rifle 7.62x51 mm (.308) rifle, adopted as a cadet training rifle in addition to the 0.22"LR No8 Rifle. It is officially known as the Cadet Target Rifle (CTR). It can trace its lineage back through both the M82 sniper rifle and the Parker-Hale 1200TX target rifle. It is used by the ATC, ACF, SCC and CCF as well as in competitions such as The Schools Meeting, The Ashburton staged annually in July by the NRA, and the Inter Service Cadet Rifle Meeting (I.S.C.R.M) held at Bisley Ranges. This rifle is accurate to 1000 yards with "green spot" selected ammunition but is more commonly used at 300, 500, and 600 yards. It should be noted that many UK ranges are still laid out fully in yards. Military ranges were "metricated" out to 300 or 400m, but not always beyond this range.
The L81A2 replaced the L81A1 in cadet use after the L81A1 was withdrawn by the cadet organisations following reports of technical safety issues, including bulges in the barrel. Nicknamed the "Elephant Gun" by some units upon re-issue, it uses the same 7.62mm ammunition but with the magazine replaced by a non-removable loading tray. The rifle is issued with a variable Diopter sight. With the demise of the Parker-Hale company, supporting these weapons is becoming increasingly difficult. They are currently maintained under a Contracting For Availability (CFA) arrangement by the Defence Support Group (DSG), whereby weapons are made available for competitions etc. but are not held directly by cadet units. Attempts to replace the CTR and No8 with more modern weapons have been shelved due to lack of funds.
The C3 was adopted by the Canadians in 1972 and was based on the Parker Hale M82. Its stock was made of wood with a font beavertail and an accessories rail. It had a Kahles Helios ZF69 6x42 scope. After a couple of years, it was upgraded to the C3A1 with a few modifications.
The C3 was updated to the C3A1 and a number of modifications were made including the addition of an 10x Unertl scope currently in use by the United States Marine Corps. A fiberglass McMillan A2 stock was fitted along with a Parker and Hale made bipod for more stability and support while aiming in the prone position. During Operation APOLLO Canadian sniper Master Corporal Graham Ragsdale recorded 20 confirmed kills with the C3A1. It has also been used as a competition rifle. The C3A1 has been withdrawn from the Canadian Army and has been replaced by the C14 Timberwolf rifle Medium Range Sniper Weapon System. Instead it is used for the training of snipers due to its similarities with the C14 Timberwolf rifle. Its decline was due to a lack of parts due to the ending of production of firearms by Parker Hale in 2000 and the cesstion of C3A1 production in 1984.
Parker Hale offered the C3A1 as a complete kit known as the M85 on the civilian market. Common confusion occurs but no M82 was fitted with detachable magazines or enlarged bolt knob. Other Canadian snipers recorded high hit ratios and some extremely difficult shots. These marksmen remain anonymous.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Parker Hale M82.|
- Similar sniper rifles
- "Sniper Rifle C3A1 7.62mm". eme421.com. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
- "Canadian Forces Rifle — the 7.62mm Parker-Hale C3A1 MRSW". casr.ca. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
- "Epsom College are hottest shots again". Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- "Parker Hale C3A1". chasesmith.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-07-17.