LB&SCR B1 class
|LB&SCR B1 Class|
No. 173 Cottesloe at East Croydon in the 1890s
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Driver diameter||6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)|
|4 ft 6 in (1.37 m)|
|Wheelbase||15 ft 7 in (4.75 m)|
|Locomotive weight||38.7 long tons (39.3 t)|
|Boiler pressure||Pre 1889 engines: 140 psi (0.97 MPa)
Post 1889 engines: 150 psi (1.03 MPa)
|Cylinder size||18 1⁄4 in × 26 in (460 mm × 660 mm)|
|Tractive effort||14,155 lbf (62.96 kN)|
|Preserved||No. 214 Gladstone|
|Disposition||One preserved, remainder scrapped|
They were the last express passenger design of William Stroudley, and were a larger and improved version of his Richmond class of 1878. Thirty-six locomotives were turned out from Brighton railway works between 1882 and 1891, and were used for the heaviest London to Brighton express trains. All were named after politicians, men associated with the railway, or places served by the railway. In 1889 No.189 Edward Blount was exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exhibition and received a gold medal.
The locomotives were originally designated "Class B" together with the "Richmond Class" but were later designated B1 class by D.E. Marsh.
During the first decade of the twentieth century the class were gradually replaced by Billinton B4 class locomotives and were transferred to secondary duties. Withdrawal began in April 1910 and by the outbreak of the First World War ten had been scrapped.
Accidents and incidents
Main article: Norwood Junction rail accident
- On 1 May 1891, locomotive No. 175 Hayling was hauling a passenger train which was derailed at Norwood Junction, Surrey when a cast-iron bridge collapsed as the train was passing over it.
The first of the class, 214 Gladstone, was preserved as a static exhibit thanks to the efforts of the Stephenson Locomotive Society and is normally on display in the National Railway Museum, York. Gladstone is the only ex LB&SCR tender locomotive to be preserved, as all the other preserved locomotives (ten A1/A1x "Terriers", one E1, and an E4) are tank engines.
- Slater, J.N., ed. (August 1977). Railway Magazine (London: IPC Transport Press) 123 (916). p. 405, photo caption. "No. 214 Gladstone ... decorated in 1890s style for Jubilee year"
- Bradley, D.L. (1972). Locomotives of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway: Part 2. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society.
- Hoole, Ken (1982). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 3. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 9. ISBN 0-906899-05-2.
- Ahrons, E. L. (1927) The British Steam Railway Locomotive from 1825 to 1925, London Locomotive Publishing Co. Ltd. (pp. 273–4)