||This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (June 2014)|
|City of license||London|
|Slogan||"Leading Britain's Conversation" (previously "London's Biggest Conversation")|
|Frequency||RDS: __LBC___, FM 97.3 MHz
- 12C (London)
- 11D (Nationwide)
Virgin Media: 919
TalkTalk TV: 627
|First air date||8 October 1973
11 February 2014
|Audience share||4.3% (December 2012, )|
|Sister stations||LBC London News
The Arrow, Capital, Chill, Classic FM, Gold, Heart, Jazz FM, Smooth Radio, XFM
LBC (originally the London Broadcasting Company) is a London-based national talk and phone-in radio station. It began broadcasting on 8 October 1973, a week ahead of Capital Radio. The launch of LBC also saw the beginning of IRN's broadcasting, as LBC provided the service to independent local radio stations nationwide.
In April 2007, a new marketing slogan for (what was then called) LBC 97.3 was introduced: "London's Biggest Conversation", a play on the initials.
It was announced in January 2014 that LBC would begin broadcasting nationally on DAB digital radio format at 7am on 11 February 2014. The news also marked a new slogan, changing from 2007's "London's Biggest Conversation" to "Leading Britain's Conversation" and dropping on-air reference to the London FM frequency.
LBC is currently owned by Global Radio and has a like-branded sister station - LBC London News - which is dedicated to rolling news, travel and weather, and is broadcast in London on medium-wave and DAB.
- 1 Launch
- 2 Ownership history
- 3 Help a London Child
- 4 Podcasting
- 5 Tony Blair appearance
- 6 Ken Livingstone appearances
- 7 Large Hadron Collider switch-on controversy
- 8 Jeni Barnett and MMR vaccine controversy
- 9 Notable presenters
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The first presenter at launch on Monday 8 October 1973 at 6am was David Jessel. Practice broadcasts had started on 29 August 1973. The first bulletin was written by News Editor, later Programme Controller, Keith Belcher, and the first voice on air was Australian-expatriate newsreader Ken Guy.
The launch attracted considerable attention and a sizeable audience, particularly for the pairing of journalist Paul Callan and the writer Janet Street-Porter, who contrived to create a new form of radio, albeit unintentionally. The pair were pitched as co-presenters of the breakfast show. The intention was to contrast the urbane Callan with the less couth Street-Porter, whose accents were respectively known to studio engineers as "cut-glass" and "cut-froat".
In the event friction between the ill-assorted pair led to an entertaining stream of one-upmanship that became required listening for many Londoners, the sharper put-downs being blamed for several collisions by motorists incapacitated with laughter. The programme was the first in the UK to combine interviews with celebrities and heavyweight political figures on the same show, blurring the line between classic British comedy and analysis of international affairs.
The original station spawned a number of stars who went on to become household names in the British media. They include Jon Snow, Julian Manyon, Peter Allen, Rosie Boycott, Bel Mooney, amongst others. Entertainment personalities included Jeremy Beadle, who developed a late night phone-in programme, and Mr Nasty - who argued over the telephone with children. Both went on to star in the Granada Television series, Fun Factory.
Originally owned by a consortium led by the Canadian Selkirk Communications with a 46% stake, LBC was sold in 1987, beginning a turbulent commercial history.
The new owners were media company Darling Downs, later renamed Crown Communications, owned by Australian entrepreneur David Haynes. Crown sold the station's original base in Gough Square near Fleet Street in the City of London and relocated to Hammersmith; and in 1989 split the station into two separate services, the news and comment LBC Crown FM, and the phone-in London Talkback Radio on AM. The transition was not initially well received, and substantially increased costs, pushing the company into the red.
Sold on again to Shirley Porter's Chelverton Investments, the company almost disappeared completely in 1993, when the Radio Authority failed to renew the company's two licences, LBC Newstalk and London Talkback Radio, awarding the frequencies instead to London News Radio, a consortium led by former LBC staff and backed by Guinness Mahon. The prospective loss of the franchise brought Chelverton to the brink of collapse, and London News Radio (soon itself taken over by Reuters) bought LBC to keep it on air until the official handover date of October 1994.
London News Radio
From 1994 to 1996, London News Radio operated the station from LBC's former studios in Hammersmith, as London News 97.3, a rolling news and travel information service on the FM band, and the phone-in driven service London News Talk 1152 on the MW band. These names were simplified slightly in mid-1995 to News 97.3 and News Talk 1152 respectively, but between October 1994 and July 1996 the LBC name was not used on-air at all.
Reuters then brought in additional shareholders, and between 1996 and 2002 LBC was part of London News Radio Limited, a company owned jointly by ITN, Daily Mail and General Trust, Reuters and the GWR Group. This new consortium revived the LBC name on 1152AM on 1 July 1996. At the end of 1996 the FM service was relaunched as News Direct 97.3FM. Production for the station was moved to the basement of ITN's new multimedia building in Gray's Inn Road.
In 2002 the company was bought for £23.5m by the media company Chrysalis, who trumpeted their purchase with the promise that they would lift the listenership to at least one million from around 700,000 (LBC enjoyed an audience of more than two million in the early 1980s). Production was moved to Chrysalis's base in North Kensington, and the formatting of the two frequencies was swapped, the talk format moving to FM and the news format to AM; but an array of presenters including Boy George, Henry Kelly, Caroline Feraday, Dr. Pam Spurr, and Sandi Toksvig (all no longer with the company), plus an array of on-air gimmicks and two managing directors, saw the audience remain largely static. LBC's 97.3FM's increase in audience has been at the expense of its AM service.
In 2005, the station's Managing Director Mark Flanagan left Chrysalis to set up a political consultancy company and was replaced by David Lloyd. Some[who?] claimed he held no previous experience in the talk and chat radio genre, which overlooked the almost two years he spent with the Century FM brand in its Border TV ownership days where the station was a 50/50 music/talk service. Lloyd introduced a number of programme changes to mixed reactions - these included a 'Drive Time' slot presented by Iain Lee (since replaced by Paul Ross, then James Hartigan, Petrie Hosken, James Whale, and now Iain Dale), a daily 'Big Quiz' which promises (but has yet to deliver) huge cash prizes (and has since been cut down to one show a week), and a number of weekend repeats. He also introduced a 'podcasting' service, now called LBC Plus, and a number of premium-rate promotional opportunities to boost falling advertising revenues experienced by the radio sector.
Since September 2006 the LBC 97.3 station has been available in other parts of the country on the digital DAB platform, after Chrysalis bought out its partners and closed the Digital News Network rolling news station that had previously been carried on the MXR multiplex. Each multiplex region – the North West, West Midlands, Yorkshire, North East, South Wales and the West – broadcasts the London LBC transmission, augmented with reduced bulletins of regional news and information.
In February 2007, Chrysalis confirmed media speculation that it was reviewing the entire radio operation at its investors' request. Further media speculation from The Guardian suggested that the group had little option, due to shareholder pressure, to sell its radio arm, including LBC, raising up to £200,000,000 for new acquisitions, while The Daily Telegraph suggested that it could be the subject of a management buyout. Subsequently it was announced on 25 June 2007 that LBC along with its sister stations The Arrow, Heart and Galaxy network were to be sold for £170 million to Global Radio by the Chrysalis Group, whose Chrysalis Radio operation closed down. In December 2008 the station moved to the Capital London studios in Leicester Square.
Towards the end of October 2012, the station ceased DAB broadcasts to some other parts of the country. As a non-specific, (i.e. sports only), talk channel, available for listener contributions, this has proved an unpopular move as social media sites suggest.
On 30 January 2014, LBC announced its return to the DAB digital radio format and starts broadcasting from 11 February 2014. Upon launch it took up the slot previously occupied by Jazz FM (and briefly Birdsong), and has dropped the "97.3" from the station name.
LBC Radio announced a change to their weekend lineup starting on 22 March 2014. 
Help a London Child
Help a London Child was founded in 1975 by Richard Attenborough CBE at Capital Radio. It is a grant-giving charity which twice a year provides practical support to groups working with those aged 18 and under.
In the first year £8,000 was raised and grants given to 10 charities in Camden. Over 34 years since then, the charity has raised over £20 million, helping over 1 million children.
Grants are awarded to refuge and homelessness projects and to support groups for children and young people with a disability, special need or an illness, as well as to a range of sports, music, drama and leisure activities, holiday play schemes and residential breaks in the UK, cultural activities, supplementary schools, and literacy programmes.
Help a London Child is also working in partnership with London sports bodies to identify the need, and the groups and agencies required to deliver FS4A.[clarification needed]
It was the winner of Outstanding Contribution to London Lifestyle at the London Lifestyle Awards.
In January 2011, the charity became known as Help a Capital Child and is still supported by Capital London and now by its sister station at Global Radio, LBC.
LBC claim to be the first radio station in the world to provide full-length podcasts for all its major shows, plus podcast-only shows and other things such as backstage interviews and mp3s sent to the show, under the name LBC Plus. Most podcasts require a small subscription fee, but some shows, including Best Of programmes, podcast only shows and 'bitesize' versions of programmes, are free.
Tony Blair appearance
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On 13 January 2004, the then British Prime Minister Tony Blair presented an hour-long phone-in show on the station, taking pre-booked calls from LBC 97.3 listeners. His appearance was part of the 'Big Conversation' initiative to promote Government as being more accessible and in touch with the people. During the 10:00-11:00 show, a caller explained that he'd been denied access to his children for five years and asked what Mr Blair was planning to do about other fathers in a similar situation. The Prime Minister assured the caller he would look into his case personally. It later transpired that the caller was in fact Fathers 4 Justice member Ron Davis who in May of that year was arrested for entering Parliament and throwing a condom containing purple powder over Mr Blair and nearby Cabinet members. Mr. Davis claimed the attack was in response to the Prime Minister's failure to contact him or look into the matters discussed on LBC 97.3.
Ken Livingstone appearances
During his tenure as London Mayor, Ken Livingstone was a regular guest on LBC 97.3, appearing usually once per month on the Nick Ferrari breakfast show. During the show he took calls from LBC listeners and discussed points put to him by Ferrari. It became something of a running joke that the Mayor usually arrived late, blaming it on the public transport. Livingstone's phone in sessions alternated between LBC and BBC London 94.9 and were one of the rare opportunities that Londoners had of talking directly to the then-London Mayor. After losing the 2008 Mayoral Election Livingstone began his own Saturday Morning programme on LBC, on 30 August 2008. He stood down in March 2012 to concentrate on running for London Mayor again, and was replaced by the former Labour Home Secretary Jacqui Smith. At present, he co-hosts a slot on Saturday mornings with David Mellor.
Large Hadron Collider switch-on controversy
The radio station received dozens of complaints after a broadcast on 10 September 2008 proclaimed that the end of the world was nigh, due to the initial tests of the Large Hadron Collider taking place that day. The station held a phone-in where people would say 'goodbye' to Earth. Due to this broadcast being made during the school run, most complaints were from parents complaining that their children were terrified by the broadcast.
Jeni Barnett and MMR vaccine controversy
The radio station became involved in the MMR vaccine controversy after a broadcast by Jeni Barnett on 7 January 2009 in which she debated the putative dangers of MMR vaccine with callers. It became the subject of media controversy, first because her views were criticised as irreponsible by medical journalist Dr Ben Goldacre, and then because LBC and Global Radio threatened legal action against Goldacre for copyright infringement after he refused to remove the audio of the show from his blog, which resulted in its being made available at Wikileaks and elsewhere and the preparation of transcripts of the broadcast. David Aaronovitch in The Times argued for "a class action against LBC for permitting a presenter to inflict her preposterous prejudices on her listeners, to the detriment of someone else's kids." Norman Lamb MP tabled an Early Day Motion criticising Barnett and LBC for the likely effect of the broadcast on public health.
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Past LBC presenters include: Adrian Allen; Carol Allen; Toby Anstis; Dickie Arbiter; Tre Azam; Bill Bailey; David Bassett; Emma Barnett; Jeni Barnett ; Simon Bates; Jeremy Beadle; Alison Bell; Frank Bough; Tommy Boyd; Gyles Brandreth; Bill Buckley; Paul Callan; Mike Carlton; Andrew Carnegie; Nick Conrad; Andy Crane; Gino D'Acampo; Dan Damon; Peter Deeley; Anne Diamond; Mike Dickin; Jenny Eclair; Richard Fairbrass; Caroline Feraday; John Forrest (Producer-Director); Mariella Frostrup; George Gale; Krishnan Guru-Murthy; Boy George; Charlie Gibson; Angie Greaves; Eric Hall; Bob Harris; Brian Hayes; Chris Hawkins; Phillip Hodson; Bob Holness; Eamonn Holmes; Jon Holmes; Fred Housego; Rufus Hound; Sue Jameson; Steve Jones; Charlie Jordan; Lesley Judd; Henry Kelly; Allan King; Gary King; Iain Lee; Richard Littlejohn; Sir Nicholas Lloyd; Adrian Love; Kelvin MacKenzie; Richard Mackney; James Max; Mike Mendoza; Daisy McAndrew; Carol McGiffin; Monty Modlin; Nathan Morley; Bel Mooney; Jane Moore; Elliot Moss; Pete Murray; Paddy O'Connell; Tom Parker-Bowles; Michael Parkinson; David Prever; Martin Popplewell; Gill Pyrah; Anna Raeburn; Angela Rippon; Rowland Rivron; Paul Ross; Kenny Sansom; Adrian Scott; Valerie Singleton; Penny Smith; Jon Snow; Julia Somerville; Lee Stevens; Janet Street-Porter; Peter Stringfellow; Carol Thatcher; Sandi Toksvig; Petroc Trelawny; Robbie Vincent; James Whale; Brian Widlake; Matthew Wright; and Martin Young.
People who have hosted "one off" or temporary shows while regular presenters were away include:
- "On this day: 1973 - Commercial radio joins UK airwaves". BBC News. 8 October 1973.
- Oatts, Joanne (3 April 2007). "LBC becomes 'London's Biggest Conversation'". Digital Spy.
- Burrell, Ian (30 January 2014). "LBC to take on Radio 5 Live with national expansion". The Independent.
- Media UK's LBC page
- "‘Mr. Nasty’ is alive and well in America". Assistnews.net. 2009-09-17. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- New Owners For LBC, AM/FM News, February 1993.
- LBC To Appeal Over Licence Decision, AM/FM News, September 1993.
- Receivers In At LBC, AM/FM News, April 1994.
- Eaton, Lynn (5 October 1994). "LBC signs off after 21 years". The Independent (London).
- Reece, Damian (15 December 2001). "London News Radio for sale with £30m tag". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Milmo, Dan (25 September 2002). "LBC takeover imminent". The Guardian (London).
- Cassy, John (26 September 2002). "GWR confirms LNR sale". The Guardian (London).
- Day, Julia (6 December 2002). "LBC goes off air in relaunch gamble". The Guardian (London).
- Deans, Jason (18 July 2005). "Flanagan quits LBC for politics". The Guardian (London).
- "LBC Radio in DAB Expansion - potential 17 million audience" (Press release). LBC Radio. 28 July 2006.
- Day, Julia (1 August 2006). "Ofcom gives nod to LBC news hub". The Guardian (London).
- Tryhorn, Chris (12 February 2007). "Chrysalis joins consolidation race". The Guardian (London).
- Thelwell, Emma (26 June 2007). "Chrysalis sells three radio stations". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Sweney, Mark (30 January 2014). "LBC to go national on DAB digital radio". The Guardian Online.
- "LBC Podcasts". London: LBC 97.3. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "Ex-Home Secretary Jacqui Smith joins LBC". London: Radio Today. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- Aaronovitch, David (10 February 2009). "The preposterous prejudice of the anti-MMR lobby". The Times (London).
- "Early Day Motion 754: MMR vaccine and the media". UK Parliament. 10 February 2009.
- LBC Official Site
- History of LBC
- Another history of LBC, including the original 1973 schedule
- LBC - from 1973 to today, The Guardian, 4 December 2002
- Year-by-year ownership and management details
- Tim Crook, The History and Development of Independent Radio Journalism in Britain, January 1998
- Brian Hayes, LBC: you could have been a contender, The Guardian, 1 October 2003
- John Plunkett, Stars reflect on 30 years of LBC, The Guardian, 1 October 2003
- Vincent Graff, How we beat the BBC, The Independent, 14 October 2003
- Audience figures for LBC 97.3 and LBC News 1152, 1999–2008
- Global Radio, the parent company
- Web site about the new text number 84850
- Media UK profile