|Builder:||Defoe Shipbuilding Company
Bay City, Michigan
|Laid down:||31 August 1944|
|Launched:||14 September 1944|
|Commissioned:||21 September 1944|
|Reclassified:||LSIL-1091, 28 February 1949|
2 battle stars, World War II
4 battle stars, Korean War
|Status:||Currently a museum ship at the Humboldt Bay Naval Sea/Air Museum at Eureka, CA. in December 2005.|
|Class and type:||LCI(L)-351-class large landing craft|
|Displacement:||236 t.(light), 264 t.(landing), 419 t.(loaded)|
|Length:||158 ft 5.5 in (48.298 m)|
|Beam:||23 ft 3 in (7.09 m)|
|Draft:||Light, 3 ft 1.5 in (0.953 m) mean
Landing, 2 ft 8 in (0.81 m) fwd, 4 ft 10 in (1.47 m) aft
Loaded, 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m) fwd, 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m) aft
|Propulsion:||2 sets of 4 General Motors diesels, 4 per shaft, BHP 1,600, twin variable pitch propellers|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h) (max.)
14 knots (26 km/h) maximum continuous
|Endurance:||4,000 miles at 12 knots, loaded, 500 miles at 15 knots; and 110 tons of fuel|
|Capacity:||75 tons cargo|
|Troops:||6 Officers, 182 Enlisted|
|Complement:||4 officers, 24 enlisted|
|Armament:||5 × 20 mm AA guns
2 × .50" machine guns
|Armor:||2" plastic splinter protection on gun turrets, conning tower, and pilot house|
LCI-1091 arrived in the Pacific at the end of the battle for Iwo Jima, fought at Okinawa in 1945 and was used as a minesweeper to clean up around Japan after the war. She was assigned to the Pacific Theatre and participated in the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto from 28 April to 30 June 1945. She received two battle stars for her WW II duty.
On 28 February 1949, she was, like all other LCIs remaining, reclassified as LSIL-1091.
The ship remained active during the Korean War. In 1951 she was converted to a Laboratory Ship. During her time in Korea, LSIL-1091 was assigned as an Epidemiological Control Ship for Fleet Epidemic Disease Control Unit No. 1, a part of the U.S. effort to combat malaria in Korea. From October to September 1951, LSIL-1091 was at Koje-do performing malaria testing among residents and refugees.
She was used in a covert missions behind enemy lines investigating disease outbreak of alleged bubonic plague in North Korea. Brigadier General Crawford Sams "medical intelligence" mission to Wonsan, North Korea in March 1951 had been first launched from the LCI(L)-1091. The ship received four battle stars for her role in the Korean War.
After Korea the LCI-1091 became one of the navy's smallest aircraft carriers when she was used to launch anti-aircraft target drones.
In 1955 she was decommissioned at Astoria, Oregon.
The former LSIL-1091 was sold for commercial use and operated as a cannery ship for salmon on the Yukon River in Alaska from 1961 until 1985. In 1988 she was purchased by Dr. Ralph Davis and moved to Eureka, California, where she fished for albacore from 1995 until 2003.
In 2005, she was donated to be a museum ship for the Humboldt Bay Naval Sea/Air Museum at Eureka, and is currently open to the public during restoration. She is open on Fridays and Sundays from 9:00 AM until 3:00 PM or any time by arrangement(usually Fridays and Sundays, but if the flag is flying from the forward mast, visitors are welcome). The Humboldt Amateur Radio Club often runs a Special Event Amateur Radio station out of the original radio room.
LCI-1091 had been in continuous use for most of her 65 year life and remains in near original condition.
LCI(L)-1091 received two battle stars for World War II action and received four battle stars for Korean War as LSIL-1091.
- "HISTORY OF NAVY ENTOMOLOGY". United States Navy Medical Entomology. United States Navy. 2006-05-03. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
- Marshall, Irvine H. (1955). "Malaria in Korea". In Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Recent advances in medicine and surgery (19–30 April 1954) based on professional medical experiences in Japan and Korea, 1950-1953. Washington: Walter Reed Army Medical Center. p. 282. OCLC 4011756. Retrieved 2007-12-11. (See footnote 5.)
- Marshall, p. 272.
- FEDCU One Fight an Unseen Enemy
- Rushton, Nathan (2005-12-11). "Historic ship now in hands of Naval Museum (Wayback Machine)". The Eureka Reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
- Priolo, Gary P. (2006-03-17). "AP-137 General S. D. Sturgis". NavSource Online. NavSource Naval History. Retrieved 2007-12-11.