LED strip light
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An LED Strip Light (also known as an LED tape or ribbon light) is a flexible strip of surface mounted light-emitting diodes that usually comes with an adhesive backing. Typically used for decoration, it can also be used for home and task lighting or as a replacement for standard fixtures.
Variables in strip lighting consist of colour, adhesives, and water resistance. Water resistant strip lighting is covered in a heat conducting epoxy to protect the circuitry from direct contact with water. The most common design differences are in how individual LEDs are controlled, specifically differences in color and whether or not each LED is addressable.
- Single Color, non-addressable: Every LED on the strand is a single white colour, typically ranging from 2700K to 6500K in colour temperature. A single chip address all of the LEDs in the strand at once so each setting is applied to every LED
- RGB, non-addressable: Similar to the single color, non-addressable LED strand, RGB strands have multiple colours available but the entire strand uses the same address so all LEDs show the same colour.
- RGB, Addressable: Multiple colours and addresses. Each LED has its own chip meaning they can be individually triggered for chasing, strobing, and colour changing.
All LED strip lights require a driver and typically operate on 12 or 24 volts of direct current from the driver. USB strip lights operate on the standard 5-volt direct current used by USB devices. Any customizations require an LED controller to adjust brightness, colour, or individual LED activity. This can be done with an included controller or customized with a microcontroller.
Strip lights are designed for both indoor and outdoor use depending on whether they’re water resistant. Since the strip is flexible and can be divided at any point between LEDs, it is extremely versatile and can be used in a number of installations. Outside of traditional lighting, strip lighting is extensively used in DIY projects or lighted clothing. The ability to power strip lights off of a USB device or battery pack makes them extremely portable. Examples include: Computer lighting, costume lights, toys, workspace lighting, monitor and display ambient lighting, and alcove lighting.