LGBT rights in Denmark
|LGBT rights in Denmark|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1933,
age of consent equalized in 1977
|Gender identity/expression||Transsexual persons allowed to change legal gender|
|Military service||Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly|
|Discrimination protections||Sexual orientation protections (see below)|
|Same-sex marriage since 2012|
|Adoption||Full adoption rights since 2010|
The rights of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Denmark are extensive and a high priority, reflecting the tolerance of Danish society. Denmark provides one of the highest degrees of liberty in the world for its LGBT community.
Same-sex sexual activity was legalized in 1933, and since 1977, the age of consent is 15, regardless of sexual orientation or gender. Denmark was the first country in the world to grant legal recognition to same-sex unions, in the form of "registered partnerships", in 1989. On 7 June 2012, the law was replaced by a new same-sex marriage law, which came into effect on 15 June 2012.
Same-sex marriage became legal in Denmark on 15 June 2012, after the Danish parliament voted on 7 June in favour of gender-neutral marriage, including marriages in the Church of Denmark. Formerly, Denmark had recognised civil unions (registreret partnerskab) since 1989 — the first country to do so.
A December 2006 European Union member poll showed Danish support for same-sex marriage at 69 percent. Angus Reid Global Monitor conducted the poll for issues regarding European Union integration. With the attitudes in Europe regarding the legalization of same-sex marriage, Denmark proved to be high on the list of possible nations that would grant marriage to gay and lesbian citizens, in third place behind The Netherlands (82 percent) and Sweden (71 percent).
The Danish government proposed marriage equality legislation in parliament on 14 March 2012. Parliament passed the bill, and royal assent was granted three days later. The law entered into force on 15 June 2012. The proposed legislation removes almost all discrimination in current law, leaving only a few gender-specific articles.
Adoption and family planning
On 2 June 2006, the Danish Parliament voted to repeal a law that since 1997 had banned lesbians from artificial insemination, giving lesbians more parental rights to genectically have children. Also, the other partner who is not the biological parent of the child is written onto the birth certificate as the other natural parent.
LGBT persons are not banned from military service.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2009)|
Hate crimes laws
Asylum in Denmark for transgender persons
In February 2013, a Guatemalan became the first transgender person to be granted asylum in Denmark because of persecution in her native country. However, she was put in a facility for men, where she had been assaulted several times and was initially refused. They reopened the case when LGBT Denmark proved her life would be in danger if she returned to Guatemala.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(since 1933)|
|Gays allowed to serve in the military||(since 1978)|
|Equal age of consent||(since 1977)|
|Homosexuality declassified as an illness||(1981)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all areas, (incl. hate speech)||(since 2004)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples||(since 1986)|
|Access to IVF for lesbians||(since 2006)|
|Step adoption by same-sex couples||(since 1999)|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples||(since 2010)|
|Same-sex marriage||(since 2012)|
|MSMs allowed to donate blood|||
- Politics of Denmark
- LGBT rights in the Faroe Islands
- LGBT rights in Greenland
- LGBT Danmark
- LGBT rights in Europe
- Bekendtgørelse af straffeloven
- The Copenhagen Post, 7 June 2012: Gay marriage legalised Retrieved 2012-09-19
- Homoseksuelle fik ja til ægteskab - Jyllands-Posten.
- Europe Split On Gay Marriage
- 'The bill as proposed by the minister of Social Affairs and Integration', "Folketinget", 14 March 2012.
- Article 1, section 7 of the bill, "L 106 Forslag til lov om ændring af lov om ægteskabs indgåelse og opløsning, lov om ægteskabets retsvirkninger og retsplejeloven og om ophævelse af lov om registreret partnerskab."
- "National Report: Denmark", authored by Christina G. Jeppesen de Boer and Annette Kronborg, American University Journal of Gender Social Policy and Law, volume 19, number 1, page 119, 2011 (footnote 21 references Act No. 535)
- "Draft Paper: Same-Sex Couples as Parents", authored by Nina Dethloff, Bonn University (footnote 16 references § 4(1) Lov om registreret partnerskab no. 372)
- "National Report: Denmark", authored by Christina G. Jeppesen de Boer and Annette Kronborg, American University Journal of Gender Social Policy and Law, volume 19, number 1, page 118, 2011 (footnote 18 references Act No. 360)
- (Danish) Lov om ændring af lov om registreret partnerskab, lov om en børnefamilieydelse og lov om børnetilskud og forskudsvis udbetaling af børnebidrag
- "Gay couples in Denmark now allowed to adopt", International Gay, Lesbian, Trans and Intersex Association, 5 May 2010
- LGBT world legal wrap up survey
- State-sponsored Homophobia A world survey of laws criminalising same-sex sexual acts between consenting adults
- Main legislation
- "Transgender woman granted asylum in Denmark", UPI.com, 4 February 2013
- (Danish) 30 år siden: Homoseksualitet fjernet fra Sundhedsstyrelsens sygdomsliste
- (Danish) Homoseksualitetsbegrebet i Danmark
- Same-Sex Marriage: A Reference Handbook