LGBT rights in Georgia (U.S. state)
|LGBT rights in Georgia|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1998
(Powell v. Georgia)
|Discrimination protections||None (see below)|
|Georgia Constitutional Amendment 1 limits marriage to man/woman, places restrictions on non-marriage types of same-sex unions|
Laws against homosexuality
Homosexual acts are legal in Georgia, previously criminalized until the state's sodomy laws (which applied to both homosexuals and heterosexuals) were struck down in 1998 by Powell v. Georgia (years before the 2003 federal-level strikedown by Lawrence v. Texas).
Recognition of same-sex relationships
There is no state-level legal recognition of same-sex marriages, such having been prohibited by Georgia Constitutional Amendment 1 in 2004. A few municipal entities, such as Atlanta, maintain a domestic partnerships registry for city employees who are in both same-sex and opposite sex cohabiting couples.
Georgia law does not protect against employee discrimination based on sexual orientation. The state of Georgia does not protect employees from discrimination based on gender identity. However, Clarke County and the cities of Decatur and Pine Lake protect government employees, and the city of Atlanta protects all employees against discrimination based on gender identity.
Hate crimes law
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Georgia permits post-operative transgender people to amend their sex on their birth certificates.
A March 2004 Associated Press Exit Poll found that that 42% of Georgia voters supported the legal recognition of same-sex couples, with 17% supporting same-sex marriage, 25% supporting civil unions or partnerships but not marriage, and 50% favoring no legal recognition.
A 2012 Public Policy Polling survey found that 27% of Georgia residents thought same-sex marriage should be legal, while 65% thought it should be illegal, while 8% were not sure. A separate question on the same survey found that 57% of Georgia residents supported the legal recognition of same-sex couples, with 24% supporting same-sex marriage, 33% supporting civil unions or partnerships but not marriage, and 40% favoring no legal recognition, with 3% not unsure.
An August 2013 Public Policy Polling survey found that 32% of Georgia residents thought same-sex marriage should be legal, while 60% thought it should be illegal, while 9% were not sure. A separate question on the same survey found that 57% of Georgia residents supported the legal recognition of same-sex couples, with 28% supporting same-sex marriage, 29% supporting civil unions or partnerships but not marriage, and 39% favoring no legal recognition, with 3% not unsure.
- Shirley Franklin and Cathy Woolard (June 3, 2003). "Mayor franklin weighs in on behalf of domestic partnership benefits for fulton county employees". City of Atlanta.
- State Bar of Georgia. "What Georgia Employers Need To Know". Georgia Secretary of State. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- "Non-Discrimination Laws That Include Gender Identity and Expression". Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- Human Rights Campaign: Georgia Birth Certificate Law: Gender Identity Issues, accessed July 6, 2011
- "Georgia: March 2004 – Associated Press Exit Poll – Majority Oppose Any Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "GA Republicans split on secession, Deal vulnerable". 12/7/2012. Public Policy Polling.
- "Hillary competitive in Georgia". Public Policy Polling.