LGBT rights in Jordan
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: inadequate sourcing, awkward and biased language. (January 2013)|
|LGBT rights in Jordan|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1951|
|No recognition of same-sex couples|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people living in Jordan may face discrimination not faced by non-LGBT persons. Non-commercial homosexual conduct between consenting adults is legal in Jordan. Jordan has several gay-themed publications in the media.
The Jordain penal code no longer permits family members to beat or kill a member of their own family whose "illicit" sexuality is interpreted as bringing "dishonor" to the entire family. As of 2013, the newly revised Penal Code makes honor killings, as a legal justification for murder, illegal.
In 1999, a Jordanian family living in the United States repeatedly beat their adult daughter and attempted to forcibly return her home after they discovered that she was gay. Likewise, a gay Jordanian who fled to Canada talked about similar acts of violence committed by family members who felt that his sexual identity was bringing dishonor to the family.
Media and press
The National Press Law (aka "Press and Publication Law") was amended in 1998 and 2004. The initial document prohibited the depiction or endorsement of "sexual perversion", which may have included homosexuality. The revised edition in 2004 has a few provisions of direct impact on LGBT rights in Jordan. First, the content ban on "sexual perversion" has been replaced with a general requirement that the press "respect the values of ... the Arab and Islamic nation" and that the press must also avoid encroaching into people's private lives.
Gay-themed Jordanian publications are legal. In 2007, the first gay-themed Jordanian publication arose. A year later, My.Kali started publication online, named after out model Khalid, making major headlines.
LGBT recognition and rights
The first time that the Jordanian government made any public statement regarding LGBT rights was at the Fourth World Conference on Women held in 1995. The international conference sought to address women's rights issues on a global scale, and a proposal was made to have the conference formally address the human rights of gay and bisexual women. The Jordanian delegates to the conference helped to defeat the proposal. More recently, the kingdom's United Nations delegates have also opposed efforts to have the United Nations itself to support LGBT rights, although this later proposal was eventually adopted by the United Nations.
As of 2013, no law exists or has been proposed in the Jordain parliament to address sexual identity-based discrimination or bias motivated crimes. Same-sex marriages, or more limited civil unions, are not legally recognized in Jordan and there is no public effort in Jordan to modify these laws.
However, outside the realm of LGBT rights and party politics there is a growing level of tolerance and visibility in certain artistic or chic-cosmopolitan parts of Jordan, especially in Amman.
Books@Cafe opened up in 1997 and remains a popular bookstore and cafe for patrons supportive of "creativity, diversity and tolerance". In the twenty-first century, a Jordanian male model, Khalid, publicly came out and has been supportive of a general interest, gay-themed magazine published in Jordan.
Recent reports suggest that although a large number LGBT citizens are in the closet and often have to lead double lives, a new wave of younger LGBT are beginning to come out of the closet and are becoming more visible in the country, working to establish a vibrant LGBT community of filmmakers, journalists, writers, artists and other young professionals. Only a few young Jordanians of the upper class are able to remain single. Most of these more "open" Jordanians are well educated and from prosperous middle class or wealthy families.
Initial research into the LGBT community in Jordan suggests that many of the same sort of social biases and conventions that exist within the gay community in the United States or Europe, also exist in Jordan. For example, gay and bisexual Jordanian men who are more masculine or "straight-acting" often look down upon the more "gay-acting" or effeminate men. According to Sara Al-Bast, a well known psychoanalyst, this preference for "straight-acting" gay or bisexual men is due to the prevailing attitudes about gender roles and same-sex sexuality.
-  Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgendered Amman Jordan
- GayMiddleEast: Jordan
- SodomyLaws: Jordan
- Prostitution and Homosexuality in Jordan
- Homosexuality and Power in the Arab World
- [Schmitt, Arno & Sofer, Jehoeda, 1992, Sexuality and Eroticism Among Males in Moslem Societies, Binghamton: Harrington Park Press, 1992, ISBN 0-918393-91-4, pages 137-138.
- "Middle East 'Honour killings' law blocked". BBC News. 8 September 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- "Gay Jordanian Now "Gloriously Free" in Canada". Sodomylaws.org. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- [dead link]
- "Jordan: a gay magazine gives an hope to Middle East", Ilgrandecolibri.com, retrieved 11 August 2012
- "Gay Egypy". Gay Middle East. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- "Movie Reviews | Three Stories From Amman at The Black Iris of Jordan". Black-iris.com. Retrieved 20 January 2011.