LGBT rights in Kosovo
|LGBT rights in Kosovo|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1994,
with an equal age of consent
|Gender identity/expression||Transsexual persons allowed to change legal gender|
|Military service||Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly|
|Discrimination protections||Sexual orientation protections (see below)|
|No recognition of same-sex couples|
|Adoption||No joint adoption by same-sex couples|
Due to the political instability from the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, the status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Kosovo is unclear.
Law regarding same-sex sexual activity
Same-sex sexual activity became legal in Kosovo in 1994 (As a part of Yugoslavia), with an equal age of consent of 14 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender and all sexual offences became gender-neutral.
Recognition of same-sex relationships
While the Kosovo's Constitution does not contain definition of marriage, Article 14(1) of the Family Law reads:
- "Marriage is a legally registered community of two persons of different sexes, through which they freely decide to live together with the goal of creating a family."
LGBT people are allowed to serve openly in the military.
Article 24 of the Constitution of Kosovo bans discrimination on a number of grounds, including sexual orientation. Kosovo is thus one of the few states in Europe with a constitutional ban on discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
The Anti-Discrimination Law of 2004, passed by the Kosovo Assembly, bans discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in a variety of fields, including employment, membership of organisations, education, the provision of goods and services, social security and access to housing. The definition of discrimination in this law explicitly includes direct and indirect discrimination, as well as harassment, victimisation and segregation.
Kosovo LGBT rights group the Center for Social Emancipation describes gay life in Kosovo as being "underground"  though Gay clubs are very active. Www.gaykosovo.com is a website that was created for Albanian gay community especially those living in Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia. This site also offers a gay guide of Pristina. There is no organisation in Kosovo working directly and properly in gay rights.
LGBT rights movement in Kosovo
There were LGBT rights organisations in Kosovo, with the most prominent being the Center for Social Emancipation (Albanian: Qendra për Emancipim Shoqëror). The organisation is mainly concerned with raising the visibility of the LGBT community and bringing about an extension of LGBT rights. QESh has been recently re-activated, announcing the celebration of May 17 (International Day Against Homophobia IDAHO) with support of government and international embassies.
- Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
- "LAW NO. 2004/32 FAMILY LAW OF KOSOVO". Retrieved 16 June 2014.
- Draft Constitution of Kosovo (Fundamental Rights and Freedoms)
- Law 2004/3: The Anti-Discrimination Law, UNMIK
- "Center for Social Emancipation". Qesh.org. Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Lone Gay Bar’s Closure Leaves Kosovo Gays Bereft