LGBT rights in Mongolia

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LGBT rights in Mongolia Mongolia
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1961[1]
Discrimination protections No
Family rights
Recognition of
Adoption Unknown

Homosexuality was decriminalized in Mongolia in 1961.

There are a couple of known LGBT-rights organizations active in Mongolia, most notably one called "Tavilan" (meaning "destiny").

Recognition of same-sex relationships[edit]

Marriage is not clearly defined by the Mongolian constitution, which reads "Marriage is based on the equality and mutual consent of the spouses who have reached the age determined by law. The State protects the interests of the family, motherhood, and the child."[2]

History and culture[edit]

In medieval times, engaging in homosexual activity was punishable by death.[3]

As of present, LGBT-peoples lack visibility in Mongolia. While the country does not have much homophobia, as stated by westerners traveling to the country, there is also not much of a public acknowledgment of homosexuality.[4][5]

Summary conditions[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (since 1961)
Equal age of consent Yes (since 1961)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriages No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Emblem-question.svg
Right to change legal gender Emblem-question.svg
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ State-sponsored Homophobia A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults
  2. ^ Mongolia – Constitution
  3. ^ Onon, Urgunge (2001) The Secret History of the Mongols: The life and times of Chinggis Khan. Abingdon: Routledge-Curzon. p.11. ISBN 978-0700713356. "And anyone found indulging in homosexual practices should be executed."
  4. ^ Gay Mongolia: A Remote Path
  5. ^ Mongolia, Asia