LGBT rights in Montenegro

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LGBT rights in Montenegro
Location of  LGBT rights in Montenegro  (Green)in Europe  (Dark Grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  LGBT rights in Montenegro  (Green)

in Europe  (Dark Grey)  –  [Legend]

Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1977,
age of consent equalized in 1977
Gender identity/expression -
Military service Gays and lesbians allowed to serve
Discrimination protections Sexual orientation and gender identity (see below)
Family rights
Recognition of
No recognition of same-sex relationships; same-sex marriage banned by the constitution
Adoption No

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Montenegro may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Montenegro, but households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex married couples.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Montenegro decriminalised same-sex sexual activity in 1977 whilst it was Socialist Republic of Montenegro within Yugoslavia. The age of consent (14) legislation was also equalised in 1977.

Recognition of same-sex relationships[edit]

There is no legal recognition of same-sex couples. The constitution bans same-sex marriage.[1]

On 13 November 2012, the Deputy Prime Minister Dusko Markovic stated that the government will prepare the bill giving some form of legal recognition for same-sex couples.[2]

Discrimination protections[edit]

On 27 July 2010, the Montenegrin Parliament passed a non-discrimination law that includes sexual orientation and gender identity as prohibited grounds of discrimination. This was one of the requirements the country had to meet for European Union membership.[3] Gays and lesbians are not banned from military service.

Living conditions[edit]

Gays and lesbians may face discrimination and harassment in Montenegro. The gay scene is very small. Anti-gay attitudes are deeply ingrained.

First Gay Pride event in Montenegro was held on 24 July 2013 in the coastal town of Budva, and it has caused various reactions in public.[4] On 20 October 2013, a Pride event took place in the capital city of Podgorica, where violent anti-gay protesters were arrested by police.[5]

See also[edit]