LGBT rights in São Paulo (state)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the Brazilian state of São Paulo enjoy most of the same legal protections available to non-LGBT people. In addition to Brazilian federal law against discrimination and in favor of unregistered cohabitation, state-level precedents have allowed for same-sex marriages to be legalized on conditional bases in the 2010s.

Laws against homosexuality[edit]

Homosexuality is legal in São Paulo State.

Hate crimes and discrimination law[edit]

Large poster of the Public Defenders Office of the State of São Paulo, promoting the LGBT civil rights.

The São Paulo Law No. 10 948 went into effect on 5 November 2001, providing for penalties to be applied to the practice of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and other measures.[1][2][3]

LGBT adoption[edit]

In 2006, a male gay couple from Catanduva, São Paulo officially adopted a five year-old girl.[4]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

On December 18, 2012, the Justice Court of São Paulo state ordered all notaries statewide to open marriages licenses for same-sex couples, becoming the most populous Brazilian state to offer same-sex marriages in a manner that is equal to other marriages.[5]

LGBT life[edit]

Cultural expression[edit]

According to the Guinness World Records, the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade is the world's largest LGBT Pride celebration, with 4 million people in 2009.[6] In 2007, in its eleventh edition, the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade broke its own record as the biggest parade in the world and attracted 3.5 million people.[7]

Rights advocacy[edit]

SOMOS, an LGBT rights organization, was established in 1980 in São Paulo, at the same time as Grupo Gay da Bahia was established in Bahia.

Homophobia[edit]

A research made in 2005 by the Latin American Center of Human Rights in Sexuality (Clam) found out that 65% of the homosexuals interviewed in that year's São Paulo Gay Pride Parade said that they were victims of hate speech and/or suffered physical aggression.

The Richarlyson affair occurred in which a judge was brought before the Justice Council of São Paulo for stating in court that soccer is a "virile, masculine sport and not a homosexual one." However, afterwards the same judge apologized and afterwards decided to annul the decision he wrote.[8]

References[edit]