LGBT rights in San Marino

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LGBT rights in San Marino
Location of  LGBT rights in San Marino  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  LGBT rights in San Marino  (green)

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1864
Homosexual activity causing a public scandal criminalised in 1975, repealed in 2004
Discrimination protections Yes[1]
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
Unregistered cohabitation
Adoption No[citation needed]

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in San Marino may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in San Marino, but households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex couples.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

In September 2004 article 274 in the Penal Code was repealed by Law No. 121 of 23 September 2004. Under this article homosexual contacts could be punished with imprisonment from 3 months up to one year, if they have been engaged in "habitually" and thereby caused "public scandal".

The total ban on homosexuality was abolished in San Marino in 1864. In 1974, however, the San Marinese Parliament adopted a new penal code that came into force in 1975 and contained article 274. There are no reports that article 274 was ever applied.[2] It was the only special provision on homosexuality in the San Marinese penal code.

The age of consent is equally set at 14 (Art. 173 CP; the same as in Italy). Additionally (unlike in Italy) it is an offence to "incite a minor under 18 years to sexual corruption" (Art. 177 CC). This law could be a source for discriminatory enforcement in the case of homosexual relations.

Recognition of same-sex relationships[edit]

There is no legal recognition of same-sex couples.

Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Unrecognized
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples

1Includes laws that haven't gone into effect.

However in June 17, 2012, the country's parliament passed a bill to let foreign persons in same-sex relationships with San Marino citizens stay in the country. The bill stop short of giving any rights to these couples (apart from immigration) but was regardless hailed as a historic step forward. Michele Pazzini, secretary of a San Marino LGBT association, said: "This is a little step towards the full recognition of same-sex couples." The bill was passed 33 to 20.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Promulghiamo e mandiamo a pubblicare la seguente legge ordinaria approvata dal Consiglio Grande e Generale nella seduta del 23 aprile 2008
  2. ^ LAW REFORM IN SAN MARINO
  3. ^ San Marino axes medieval law to let gay couples live together