LGBT rights in Tonga

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LGBT rights in Tonga
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Male illegal, female legal
Up to 10 years in prison, corporal punishment.
Gender identity/expression
Military service _
Discrimination protections None
Family rights
Recognition of
No recognition of same-sex relationships
Adoption _

The Criminal Offences Act[edit]

Male same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Tonga with a maximum penalty of 10 years' imprisonment, The offenders may also be whipped as a punishment if convicted.[1]

Section 136. Sodomy and bestiality. Whoever shall be convicted of the crime of sodomy with another person ... shall be liable at the discretion of the Court to be imprisoned for any period not exceeding ten years....

Section 137. Assault with intent to commit sodomy. It is an offence for a person to assault another person with intent to commit sodomy.

Section 138. Indecent assault on man. It is an offence for a person to make an indecent assault on a man.

Section 139. Attempted sodomy, indecent assault upon a male. Whoever shall attempt to commit the said abominable crime of sodomy or shall be guilty of an assault with intent to commit the same or of any indecent assault upon any male person shall be liable at the direction of the Court to imprisonment for any term not exceeding 10 years.

Section 140. Evidence. On the trial of any person upon a charge of sodomy or carnal knowledge it shall not be necessary to prove the actual emission of seed but the offence shall be deemed complete on proof of penetration only.

Section 142. Whipping for certain offences. Whenever any male person shall be convicted of any offence against sections ... 136 and 139 of this Act the Court may, in its discretion in lieu of or in addition to any sentence of imprisonment authorised under this Act order the person so convicted to be whipped in accordance with the provisions of section 31 of this Act.