LGBT rights in the Central African Republic
|LGBT rights in the Central African Republic|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in the Central African Republic may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in the Central African Republic.
The Central African Republic signed a 2011 UN declaration supporting LGBT rights.
Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity
Same-sex sexual activity is legal.
However, the U.S. Department of State's 2012 human rights report found that,
The penal code criminalizes consensual same-sex sexual activity. The penalty for "public expression of love" between persons of the same sex is imprisonment for six months to two years or a fine of between 150,000 and 600,000 CFA francs ($300 and $1,200). When one of the participants is a child, the adult may be sentenced to two to five years' imprisonment or a fine of 100,000 to 800,000 CFA francs ($200 and $1,600); however, there were no reports that police arrested or detained persons [in 2012] under these provisions.
Recognition of same sex relationships
Adoption of children
According to a website of the French government, single and married people are eligible to adopt children. The website does not say whether LGBT people are disqualified.
The U.S. Department of State's 2012 Human Rights Report found that,
While there is official discrimination based on sexual orientation, there were no reports of the government targeting gays and lesbians. However, societal discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons was entrenched, and many citizens attributed the existence of homosexuality to undue Western influence. There were no known organizations advocating or working on behalf of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender persons.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Always legal)|
|Equal age of consent||(Always equal)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in hate speech and violence|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Step-child adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military|
|Right to change legal gender|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
- "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults", International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, authored by Lucas Paoli Itaborahy and Jingshu Zhu, May 2013, page 20
- 2012 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Central African Republic, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, pages 34-35
- "Fiches pays Adoption: Centrafrique", France Diplomatie, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Google translation