LGBT rights in the Republic of Macedonia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
LGBT rights in Republic of Macedonia
Location of Macedonia (green), with Europe (green + dark grey)
Location of Macedonia (green), with Europe (green + dark grey)
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1996
Military service Gays and lesbians allowed to serve
Discrimination protections No
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
No recognition of same-sex relationships

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in the Republic of Macedonia may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in the Republic of Macedonia, but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex married couples.

Law in the LGBT rights area[edit]

Homosexuality was outlawed in Macedonia until 1996, when the country decriminalized sex between people of the same sex as a condition for becoming a member of the Council of Europe.[1]

Anti-discrimination laws[edit]

From 2008 to 2010 the Macedonian LGBTs were protected from discrimination in the area of employment. In the beginning of 2010 however, while revising the anti-discrimination law, the country's parliament removed sexual orientation from the list of protected grounds.[2] Currently there are no laws protecting the LGBT citizens of the country from discrimination or hate crimes due to their sexual orientation or gender identity.

Recognition of same sex relationships[edit]

There is no legal recognition of same-sex couples. The law defines marriage as "a union between a man and a woman".[3]

In September 2013, a proposed constitutional amendment to define marriage as a union between a man and a woman failed to meet the required two thirds majority in the Macedonian Assembly.[4]

Living conditions[edit]

The gay scene in Macedonia is very small. There are a few gay-friendly establishments in Skopje and some bars organize "gay nights". The country itself is mainly homophobic.[5] There are many stories about public humiliations, worker firings and even casting homosexual teenagers onto the streets due to revelation of their sexual orientations.[1]

Surveys[edit]

A survey carried out in 2002 by The Center for Civil and Human rights showed that more than 80% of the people saw homosexuality as "a psychiatric disorder that endangered families". About 65% answered that "being gay is a crime that warranted a jail term."[6] Young men and inhabitants of larger towns are generally more liberal in their attitudes towards homosexuality than elderly people, women and rural inhabitants.[7] Another survey carried out and organized by the Macedonian Center for International Cooperation-MCIC in 2010, showed that more than 70% of the respondents wouldn't like having a homosexual as a neighbour.[citation needed]

LGBT rights organizations[edit]

There are three main organizations and a support center working in the area of LGBT rights:

LGBT United (Macedonian: ЛГБТ Јунајтед) is a recently formed organization which works exclusively for protecting LGBT rights in the country. It organized the first ever pride week in Skopje in late June 2013 alongside the Coalition "Sexual and Health Rights of Marginalized Communities". The programme mainly included airing of LGBT-themed films.[8]

EGAL (Macedonian: ЕГАЛ) is the oldest organization working in the area of gay/lesbian health issues. It's also one of the main supporters of the Dzunitsa film festival[9] which shows LGBT themed films.

Coalition "Sexual and Health Rights of Marginalized Communities" (Macedonian: Коалиција „Сексуални и здравствени права на маргинализираните заедници“) works partially in the LGBT rights area and organizes different events for promoting equality. It worked on organizing the Skopje Pride Week in 2013.[10]

LGBTI Support Center – (Macedonian: ЛГБТИ Центар за поддршка) is a subsidiary of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights of the Republic of Macedonia located in Skopje that works on changing the legal and social status of the LGBT I people in Macedonia through community strengthening, advocacy and free legal aid.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012[edit]

According to United States' Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for Macedonia in 2012, the LGBT community is prejudiced and harassed by the society, media and the government. The report stated:

"Activists representing the rights of LGBT individuals reported incidents of societal prejudice, including harassment and use of derogatory language, including in the media and from the government. In November the Helsinki Commission's LGBTI Center was vandalized and two activists were attacked while hanging signs for the march of tolerance"[11]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (since 1996)
Equal age of consent Yes (since 1996)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriage No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Yes
Right to change legal gender No
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]